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Table 2 Comparison of demographic characteristics between three groups at the beginning of the study (N = 90, 100%)

From: Effectiveness of message-framing intervention on complementary feeding related behaviors among mothers with infants aged 4–8 months: a 3-arm randomized controlled trial

VariableTotal
Number (%)
GF
Number (%)
LF
Number (%)
CG
Number (%)
P-value
GenderFemale47 (52.2)19 (63.3)12 (40)16 (53.3)a0.19
Male43 (47.8)11 (36.7)18 (60)14 (46.7)
Type of the last delivery of mothersNatural34 (37.8)13 (43.3)14 (46.7)7 (23.3)a0.13
Cesarean section56 (62.2)17 (56.7)16 (53.3)23 (76.7)
Birth rateFirst55 (61.1)21 (70)18 (60)16 (53.3)a0.66
Second31 (34.4)8 (26.7)10 (33.3)13 (43.3)
Third4 (4.4)1 (3.3)2 (6.7)1 (3.3)
Maternal level of educationDiploma32 (35.6)10 (33.3)11 (36.7)11 (36.7)a0.99
Associate degree10 (11.1)3 (10)3 (10)4 (13.3)
BSc39 (43.3)14 (46.7)13 (43.3)12 (40)
MSc<9 (10)3 (10)3 (10)3 (10)
Paternal level of educationBelow diploma6 (6.7)1 (3.3)2 (6.7)3 (10)a0.81
Diploma40 (44.4)12 (40)15 (50)13 (43.3)
Associate degree12 (13.3)4 (13.3)4 (13.3)4 (13.3)
BSc26 (28.9)9 (30)8 (26.7)9 (30)
MSc<6 (6.7)4 (13.3)1 (3.3)1 (3.3)
Maternal occupational statusWorking outside the home20 (22.2)7 (23.3)7 (23.3)6 (20)a0.67
Employed working from home3 (3.3)2 (6.7)1 (3.3)0 (0)
Housewife67 (74.4)21 (70)22 (73.3)24 (80)
Paternal occupational statusWorker14 (15.6)4 (13.3)4 (13.3)6 (20)a0.96
Employee24 (26.7)9 (30)8 (26.7)7 (23.3)
Seller17 (18.9)4 (13.3)6 (20)7 (23.3)
Repairman4 (4.4)2 (6.7)1 (3.3)1 (3.3)
Other31 (34.4)11 (36.7)11 (36.7)9 (30)
Growth status at four months of ageNo growth impairment79 (87.8)29 (96.7)26 (86.7)24 (80)a0.14
Positive growth impairment11(2.2)1 (3.3)4 (13.3)6 (20)
Age of infant (day) Mean ± SD130.08 ± 7.48130.40 ± 7.83129.50 ± 6.89130.33 ± 7.90b0.87
Family size Mean ± SD3.43 ± 0.583.33 ± 0.543.47 ± 0.623.50 ± 0.57b0.50
Age of mother(year) Mean ± SD29.87 ± 4.6829.83 ± 4.9829.90 ± 4.4729.87 ± 4.74b0.99
  1. aChi-square 2 (for qualitative variables)
  2. bANOVA (for quantitative variables)