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Table 5 Interventions of caretakers, dispositions and outcomes according to the exposure to Non- or to Pharmaceuticals.

From: Childhood acute poisoning in the Italian North-West area: a six-year retrospective study

 Nonpharmaceuticals [n, (%)]Pharmaceuticals [n, (%)]
Caretakers reaction (n=161)
No reactions418 (68.4)366 (86.7)
Tried to remove the substance by cleaning55 (9)12 (2.8)
Gave water to drink31 (5.1)7 (1.7)
Gave milk to drink23 (3.8)3 (0.7)
Gave food03 (0.7)
Induced vomiting13 (2.1)14 (3.3)
Poison center consultation511 (83.6)349 (82.7)
Medical treatments559 (91.9)*416 (98.6)#
Surgeries49 (8.1)*6 (1.4)#
Home therapy359 (59)§95 (15.6)§
Hospitalization58 (9.5)40 (9.5)
Intensive care unit hospitalization00
Other (leaving before consulting or discharge from hospital against medical advice)7 (1.1)1 (0.2)
  1. * and # p < 0.001; § p = 0.001