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Table 6 Multivariable regression for predictors of severity of clinical status and hospitalization. CI Confidence interval; OR Odds ratio; CO Carbon monoxide; CAV National Poison Control Center. aIncluding plants/mushrooms, cosmetics, pet food and viper bite

From: Childhood acute poisoning in the Italian North-West area: a six-year retrospective study

 Seriousness of clinical status (serious vs. no serious)Hospitalization (yes vs no)Lenght of stay at the emergency room (at least 12 h vs less than 12 h)  
Predictor variablesAdjusted OR (95% CI)p valueAdjusted OR (95% CI)p valueAdjusted OR (95% CI)p value
Gender
 Female1 1 1 
 Male0.70 (0.45–1.10)0.1240.75 (0.57–0.98)0.0400.75 (0.56–0.99)0.045
Age in years
  < 11.28 (0.40–4.09)0.6710.59 (0.59–1.37)0.1580.55 (0.24–1.28)0.168
 1–41.64 (0.62–4.31)0.3190.42 (0.18–0.98)0.0460.84 (0.42–1.66)0.611
 5–90.99 (0.337–2.91)0.9850.43 (0.16–1.15)0.0930.96 (0.45–2.05)0.924
 10–141 1 1 
Nationality
 European 1  
 Extra-European 3.47 (1.82–6.62)< 0.0010.126
Advice from CAV
 No1 1 1 
 Yes4.89 (3.01–7.93)< 0.0011.12 (0.58–2.16)0.7431.63 (1.06–2.50)0.027
Mode of poisoning
 Accidental1 1 1 
 Intentional2.48 (0.43–14.23)0.3093.22 (1.34–7.74)0.0093.3 (1.35–8.09)0.009
 Therapeutic error0.595 (0.28–1.27)0.1782.74 (1.27–5.91)0.0101.91 (1.17–3.12)0.008
Number of substances
 11 1 1 
  ≥ 25.56 (1.73–42.24)0.0971.24 (0.46–3.31)0.6661.94 (1.05–3.58)0.035
Type of substances
 Pharmaceutics1 1 1 
 CO/Fumes10.18 (1.27–21.87)0.0292.88 (0.94–8.80)0.0633.79 (1.77–8.13)0.001
 Household cleaning products0.64 (0.34–1.19)0.1581.81 (0.96–3.42)0.0671.42 (0.98–2.04)0.060
 Cosmetics0.40 (0.16–1.00)0.0500.17 (0.02–1.50)0.1120.83 (0.40–1.72)0.618
 Alcohol and recreational drugs0.98 (0.26–3.67)0.9801.09 (0.30–3.91)0.8992.06 (1.04–4.09)0.038
 Others a0.42 (0.22–0.79)0.0080.95 (0.42–2.15)0.9070.81 (0.51–1.28)0.37
 Intercept3.3170.0340.097< 0.0010.2660.001