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Table 2 Baseline TOPSE parenting scores by study group: the Baby Newsletter and the control group, with TOPSE at 12 months. Scores are based on a six-item scale, each item has 0–10 values, and the total score ranges from 0 to 60

From: Evaluation of an intervention aimed at supporting new parents: the Baby Newsletter project

  Newsletter Group1 with TOPSE at 12 months Control Group2 with TOPSE at 12 months p-value t-test (1 vs2)
TOPSE domain at baseline N mean 95%CI N mean 95%CI N mean 95%CI N mean 95%CI
Emotion 111 50.6 (49.2; 52.0) 74 50.3 (48.7; 51.9) 146 50.8 (49.8; 51.7) 103 51.0 (49.9; 52.0) 0.8827
Play 113 53.2 (51.9; 54.6) 74 52.6 (50.8; 54.5) 146 52.1 (51.0; 53.2) 104 52.8 (51.6; 53.9) 0.2074
Empathy 111 50.6 (49.1; 52.0) 73 50.5 (48.7; 52.2) 144 48.4 (47.1; 49.7) 103 48.7 (47.2;50.1) 0.0253
Pressures of parenting 110 47.9 (46.1; 49.7) 73 47.9 (45.8; 50.1) 141 42.6 (40.9; 44.3) 100 42.8 (40.9; 44.7) < 0.001
Self-acceptance 108 51.8 (50.4; 53.1) 73 51.2 (49.4; 52.9) 140 51.0 (50.1; 52.0) 99 51.7 (50.7; 52.7) 0.3753
Learning 111 50.9 (49.7; 52.2) 75 50.5 (49.0; 52.1) 139 49.3 (48.2; 50.5) 99 50.0 (48.7; 51.4) 0.0651