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Table 2 Neonatal mortality rates by respondents characteristics in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Incidence of neonatal mortality and its predictors among live births in Ethiopia: Gompertz gamma shared frailty model

Characteristics Category Status NMR per 1000 live births
Event Censured
Residence Rural 9527 280 28
Urban 1174 41 34
Region Tigray 696 19 26.9
Afar 111 3 26.2
Amhara 2006 66 32.1
Oromia 4711 139 28.8
Somali 487 21 40.8
Benishangul-Gumuz 118 4 28.7
SNNPRs 2236 60 26.2
Gambella 26 1 28.0
Harari 25 1 31.3
Addis Ababa 239 5 20.7
Dire Dawa 45 1 29.8
Maternal age 15–24 2387 59 24.0
25–34 5687 155 26.6
≥35 2628 106 38.9
Wealth index Poorest 2584 52 19.7
Poorer 2446 73 29.1
Middle 2209 70 30.8
Richer 1921 77 38.9
Richest 1540 47 30.0
Maternal education status No 7058 225 30.9
Primary 2880 71 24.0
Secondary and above 763 25 31.4
Husband education status No 4850 152 30.5
Primary 3998 118 28.7
Secondary and above 1854 50 26.4
Maternal occupation Not working 7798 236 29.4
Working 2903 85 28.4
Child was wanted No 2660 83 30.3
Yes 8042 238 28.7
Sex of child Male 5496 229 40.0
Female 5206 92 17.4
Type of birth Single 10,450 280 26.1
Twin 251 41 141.0
Place of delivery Home 7780 217 27.1
Health facility 2921 104 34.3
Preceding birth interval (in months) <  18 888 54 57.7
18–36 4001 110 26.9
≥ 37 5812 156 26.1
Birth size Small 3362 122 35.1
Average 4483 97 21.2
Large 2856 101 34.2
Sex of household head Female 1490 38 25.1
Male 9211 282 29.7
ANC visit No 6028 238 37.9
Yes 4673 83 17.5
Parity 1 1422 12 8.9
2–4 4684 151 31.4
≥5 4596 156 32.9
Media exposure No 7192 183 24.8
Yes 3510 138 37.7