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Table 3 Differential diagnosis of FPIES (from reference [1], modified)

From: FPIES in exclusively breastfed infants: two case reports and review of the literature

Differential diagnosis of FPIES
Infectious gastroenteritis
Necrotizing enterocolitis
Inborn errors of metabolism
Food adversion
Neurologic disorders
Gastrointestinal reflux disease
Lactose intolerance
Hirschsptrung disease
Eosinophilic gastroenteropathies
Celiac disease
Immune enteropathies
Obstructive problems
Coagulation defects
Alfa-1 Antitrypsin deficiency
Primary immunodeficiencies