|Type of surgery||
• Surgery for malignant or aggressive bone and soft tissue tumors.|
• Biopsies for suspected malignancies.
• Septic arthritis requiring arthroscopic lavage/sampling/evacuation.
• Slipped capital femoral epiphysis.
• Misdiagnosed, neglected fractures or fractures displaced at follow-up.
• Hardware-related complications (infection, migration…).
• Nerve injuries or compression with recent onset palsy not responding to nonoperative treatments.
• Locked knee, bucket handle meniscal tear, loose bodies, OCD fragments.
• Staple or guided growth hardware removal in case of overcorrection.|
• Ponseti method for CTEV in older newborns (3–6 months).
• Closed/open reduction and cast for CDH in older newborns (3–6 months).
• Minimally invasive surgery (percutaneous tenotomies, subtalar arthroereisis).|
• Arthroscopic procedures.
• Procedures that should be done at a definite range of age (for example epiphysiodesis and hemiepiphysiodesis at transitional age, treatments for congenital knee or foot and ankle dislocation, before start walking).
• Surgical treatments in skeletally mature children.|
• Limb lengthening procedures.
• Osteotomies of pelvis and long bones.
• Spinal surgery for scoliosis.