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Table 3 Cox regression analysis for predictors of DKA

From: Incidence and predictors of diabetic ketoacidosis among children with diabetes in west and east Gojjam zone referral hospitals, northern Ethiopia, 2019

Variable Survival status CHR (95% CI) P-value AHR (95% CI)
Event Censor
Age < 5 59 34 4.58 (3.07, 6.82) < 0.001* 3.52 (2.25, 5.49)
  5–10 87 61 1.76 (1.18, 2.62) 0.065 1.47 (0.97, 2.24)
> 10 61 52 1   1
Sex Male 111 84    1
Female 96 63 0.83 (0.6, 0.097) 0.185 0.82 (0.61,1.09)
Missed follow up Yes 88 48    
No 119 99 0.75 (0.57, 0.99) 0.172 0.81 (0.61,1.09)
Insulin storage Appropriate 105 142 1   1
Inappropriate 102 5 1.98 (1.51, 2.62) 0.044 * 1.36 (1.008,1.85)
Adherence Yes 61 110 1   1
No 146 37 2.18 (0.95, 2.95) 0.01* 1.54 (1.11,2.14)
Recent acute illness Pneumonia Yes 50 3 0.62 (0.42, 0 .91) 0.615 1.09 (0.75,1.59)
No 157 144 1   1
upper respiratory tract infection Yes 13 2.44 (1.39, 4.31) 0.024* 2.22 (1.109, 4.45)
No 194 147 1   1
Tonsillitis Yes 3 3.06 (0.97, 9.64) 0.800 1.29 (0.174, 9.60)
No 204 147 1   
Gastroenteritis Yes 20 2 1.69 (1.06, 2.68) 0.907 1.035 (0.57,1.87)
No 187 145 1   
urinary tract infection Yes 43 1.61 (1.15, 2.25) 0.923 1.73 (0.67,1.41)
No 164 147 1   1
otitis media Yes 11 1.98 (1.08, 3.65) 0.194 1.54 (0.801,2.92)
No 196 147 1   1
skin fungal infection Yes 13 1.67 (0.95, 2.94) 0.096 1.73 (0.90,3.30)
No 194 147 1   
Preceding infection tuberculosis Yes 3 2.91 (0.92, 0.16) 0.071 3.7 (0. 89–15.85)
No 204 147 1   1
Tonsillitis Yes 5 2.67 (1.09, 6.52) 0.498 1.82 (0.32,10.39)
No 202 147 1   1
gastroenteritis Yes 12 3 2.27 (1.26, 4.09) 0.032* 2.18 (1.07, 4.46)
No 195 144 1   1
urinary tract infection No 11 3 1.68 (0.91, 3.09) 0.189 1.58 (0.79, 3.15)
Yes 196 144 1   1
Meningitis Yes 1 8.28 0.316 0.18 (0.006, 5.13)
No 206 147 1   1
other infections Yes 12 6 1.41 (0.78, 2.54) 0.446 1.27 (0.68, 2.08)
No 195 141 1   1
Having sever acute malnutrition Yes 42 13 1.41 (1.004,1.98) 0.901 1.02 (0.69, 1.50)
No 165 134 1   1
  1. Keynote * variables which were significant at p-value < 0.05 and - mean 0 observation