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Table 3 Mean score comparisons and effect sizes between children categorized by screen time daily on the CBCL/1.5–5 (N = 1897)

From: Digital screen time and its effect on preschoolers’ behavior in China: results from a cross-sectional study

 Screen timet valued′
60 min Mean (SD)> 60 min Mean (SD)
Syndromes
 Emotionally Reactive2.59 (1.76)3.15 (1.91)−4.070.29
 Anxious/Depressed2.75 (2.28)3.46 (2.43)−0.650.04
 Somatic Complaints2.57 (2.48)2.44 (2.57)1.040.08
 Withdrawn2.51 (2.05)2.66 (2.19)−0.900.07
 Attention Problems2.37 (1.86)3.21 (2.11)−5.150.30
 Aggressive Behavior6.76 (5.43)7.04 (6.70)−0.990.07
Internalizing9.58 (7.45)10.64 (8.47)−3.540.23
Externalizing9.08 (6.87)11.54 (7.51)−6.300.42
Total Problems32.76 (19.05)35.84 (20.43)−4.600.31
DSM-Oriented Scales
 Affective Problems2.79 (2.05)2.65 (1.98)1.100.08
 Anxiety Problems3.98 (2.67)4.07 (2.95)−1.020.05
 Pervasive Developmental Problems3.54 (3.05)3.70 (3.17)−1.150.08
 ADHA Syndromes2.97 (2.67)5.10 (3.75)−8.890.46
 Oppositional Defiant Problems2.55 (2.40)3.12 (3.05)−7.030.36
  1. Note: p-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant, and the data were set in bold