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Table 3 Popularity of agents used for sedation analgesia in pediatric centers across Germany (n = 134)

From: Analgosedation for diagnostic and interventional procedures: a countrywide survey of pediatric centers in Germany

AgentsCenters
Midazolam97.8%
Ketamineb86.2%
Propofol84.8%
Fentanyl42.0%
Chloral hydrate32.6%
Piritramide31.1%
Morphine29.7%
Diazepam21.7%
Phenobarbital21.0%
Livopan®18.8%
Remifentanil16.7%
Etomidate12.3%
4-hydroxybutanoic acida10.9%
Pethidine6.5%
Alfentanil4.3%
Promethazine4.3%
Other benzodiazepines4.3%
Sufentanil3.6%
Thiopental2.9%
Other opioids2.9%
Haloperidol1.4%
Melatonin1.4%
Dexmedetomidine0.7%
Chlorprothixene0.7%
Other:8.7%
  1. a4-hydroxybutanoic acid/γ-hydroxybutyrate
  2. bKetamine/esketamine