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Table 1 Key characteristics of the included studies

From: PTSD in parents of children with severe diseases: a systematic review to face Covid-19 impact

Study Month, year Type of study Child disease Time since diagnosis/event (years) Total sample (N) Mothers Fathers Parent couple ^Child
Age (years)
PTSD (%)
     °Mean [SD] or median [IQR]   N °(age) Mean [SD] or median [R] *Psych fam. (%) N °(age) Mean [SD] or median [R]° *Psych fam (%)   °Mean [SD] or median [R]°  
Carmassi et al., Feb, 2019 Cross sectional Epilepsy > 1 month 199 134 42.3 [27–60] 17.2% 65 45.9 [29–60] 18.5% 44 0–18 ♀ 19.5%
♂ 8.1%
Werner et 'al., May, 2019 Cross sectional Cardiac device 6.3 [0.4–17.9] 126 69 42 [28.0–60.0] 57 44 [28.0–68.0] 4.9 [4.4] ♀ 1%
♂ 0%
Lehman et al., Jan, 2020 Longitudinal
T0 / T1 (6 months)
Stroke ♀ 0.70 [0.33–1.25]
♂ 0.58 [0.34–1.25]
81 54 36.2 [23.8–56.0] 27 38.4 [34.7–41.3] 23 1.58 [0.92–10.92] ♀ 28%
♂ 15%
Schecter et al., Feb, 2020 Cross sectional NICU infants 1 91 <  1
> 1
♀ 17%
♂ 9%
  1. ° SD:Standard deviation/ R:Range/ IQR:Interquartile Range
  2. ^Child age at the time of diagnosis/*Parents’ psychiatric family history