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Table 3 Comparison between cases confirmed to have UTI and negative cases in case group according to some clinical and laboratory variables

From: Incidence of urinary tract infection in neonates with significant indirect Hyperbilirubinemia of unknown etiology: case-control study

Variable Urinary Tract Infection P value
Group A (Positive)(n = 11) Group B (Negative)
(n = 89)
Mean ± SD.
Age on admission (hours) 120.0 ± 41.57 118.65 ± 52.97 0.674
Weight (kg) 3.01 ± 0.20 3.14 ± 0.36 0.255
Total bilirubin (mg/dl) 18.09 ± 1.45 17.87 ± 1.74 0.468
Direct bilirubin (mg/dl) 0.67 ± 0.33 0.68 ± 0.34 0.934
Hemoglobin (gm/dl) 16.05 ± 1.23 15.34 ± 1.43 0.132
Reticulocyte count (%) 2.64 ± 1.14 2.4 ± 1 0.454
Urea (mg/dl) 17.19 ± 5.13 16.67 ± 4.18 0.639
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.55 ± 0.28 0.39 ± 0.20 0.081
No. % No. %  
Sex
 Male 5 45.5 38 42.7 FEp=1.000
 Female 6 54.5 51 57.3  
Maternal infection      
 Negative 4 36.4 77 86.5  
 UTI 5 45.5 6 6.7 MCp=0.001*
 PROM 2 18.2 6 6.7  
Maternal history of chronic disease
 Non 8 72.7 62 69.7  
 Diabetes 1 9.1 9 10.1 MCp=0.001*
 Hypertension 2 18.2 18 20.2  
  1. FE Fisher Exact, MC Monte Carlo
  2. p: p value for comparing between the studied groups
  3. *: Statistically significant at p ≤ 0.05
  4. Group A: Newborns with indirect hyperbilirubinemia and UTI confirmed by urine culture
  5. Group B: Newborns with indirect hyperbilirubinemia but don’t have UTI or have pyuria