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Table 1 Items included in the “Use of ICS in childhood” questionnaire

From: Inhaled corticosteroids use in childhood respiratory diseases: an italian survey on pediatricians’ prescription habits

Use of ICS in childhood
1. Your age 2. Sex 3.Your activity 4. Geographical area where you work 5. In allergic rhinitis with prevalent secretory component (rhinorrhea, sneezing) which drug do you use first? 6. In allergic rhinitis with prevalent obstructive component (nasal obstruction, not sneezing) which drug you use first?
a) 30–34 yrs
b) 35–39 yrs.
c) 40–44 yrs
d) 45–49 yrs
e) 50–54 yrs
f) 55–59 yrs
g) ≥ 60 yrs
a) Male
b) Female
a) Primary care pediatrician
b) Hospital pediatrician
c) University pediatrician
d) Private practice pediatrician
e) Pediatrics resident
a) Abruzzo
b) Basilicata
c) Calabria
d) Campania
e) Emilia Romagna
f) Friuli Venezia Giulia
g) Lazio
h) Liguria
i) Lombardy
j) Marche
k) Molise
l) Piedmont
m) Apulia
n) Sardinia
o) Sicily
p) Tuscany
q) Trentino Alto Adige
r) Umbria
s) Aosta Valley
t) Veneto
a) Nasal ICS
b) Oral antihistamine
c) Nasal ICS + oral antihistamine
d) None of the above
a) Nasal ICS
b) Oral antihistamine
c) Nasal ICS + oral antihistamine
d) None of the above
7. When prescribing an ICS to treat allergic rhinitis, how frequently do you choose the following molecules? 8. Do you use ICS to treat asthma exacerbations? 9. Do you prescribe ICS as a maintenance therapy in asthmatics with less than 2 exacerbations / week and with night symptoms less than twice a month? 10. Do you prescribe ICS as a maintenance therapy in asthmatics with more than 2 exacerbations / week and with night symptoms more than twice a month?
  Very frequently Frequently Sometimes Never a) No
b) Yes, low dose
c) Yes, high dose
a) No
b) Yes, at low dose
c) Yes, at high dose
a) No
b) Yes, at low dose
c) Yes, at high dose
Beclomethasone     
Budesonide     
Flunisolide     
Fluticasone     
Mometasone     
11. When prescribing an ICS as a maintenance therapy for asthma, how frequently do you choose the following molecules? 12. When a maintenance treatment is indicated in asthma, when do you plan to re-evaluate the patient after starting ICS administration? 13. To manage recurrent wheezing episodes in preschoolers, which therapeutic strategy do you choose? 14. When you believe a maintenance treatment is needed in preschool recurrent wheezing, which drug do you choose?
  Very frequently Frequently Sometimes Never a) One month
b) Two months
c) Three months
a) I promptly treat every single acute episode
b) I treat the acute episode and prescribe a maintenance therapy
a) ICS
b) Antileukotrienes
c) ICS and antileukotrienes
d) Other drugs
Beclomethasone     
Budesonide     
Flunisolide     
Fluticasone     
Mometasone     
15. When a maintenance treatment is indicated in preschool recurrent wheezing, when do you plan to re-evaluate the patient after starting drugs administration? 16. Which device do you suggest to administer ICS? 17. When prescribing an ICS to treat laryngitis, how frequently do you choose the following molecules? 18. When you decide to start a long term treatment for wheezing, asthma or allergic rhinitis, how much the parents’ opinion influence your decisions (molecules, devices, timing, etc).
a) One month
b) Two months
c) Three months
d) After the winter period
a) Nebulizer
b) pMDI + spacer
c) I choose case by case, on the basis of the family and child degree of collaboration
d) Nebulizer in preschoolers and pMDI + spacer in older children
e) Dry powder inhalers
  Very frequently Frequently Sometimes Never a) Very much
b) Much
c) A little
d) At all
Beclomethasone     
Budesonide     
Flunisolide     
Fluticasone     
Mometasone