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Table 3 Binary logistic regression analyses of factors associated with formula feeding among mothers with infants less than 6 months old in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020 (N = 494)

From: Formula feeding practice and associated factors among mothers with infants 0–6 months of age in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Formula feeding practice
  Yes (%) No (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Education
 Primary school 17 (22.1) 60 (77.9) 1 1
 Secondary school 39 (34.8) 73 (65.2) 1.89 (1.04–3.61)* 1.77 (0.93–3.36)
 Diploma & above 172 (56.4) 133 (43.6) 4.56 (2.28–7.46)* 3.09 (1.56–6.14)*
Occupation
 House wife 74 (37.4) 124 (62.6) 1 1
 Government 56 (50.9) 54 (49.1) 1.74 (1.14–2.94)* 1.30 (0.73–2.33)
 Private and others 98 (52.7) 88 (47.3) 1.87 (1.25–2.83)* 1.59 (.98–2.56)
Marital status
 Married 224 (47.2) 251 (52.8) 3.35 (1.13–10.53)* 2.79 (0.84–9.33)
 Single/divorced 4 (21.1) 15 (78.9) 1 1
Place of ANC
 Public 100 (38.3) 161 (61.7) 1 1
 Private 128 (56.1) 100 (43.9) 2.06 (0.51–4.41) 1.60 (0.83–3.09)
Number of ANC visit
 < 3 32 (65.3) 17 (34.7) 1 1
 ≥3 196 (44.5) 244 (55.5) 0.43 (0.01–0.437)* 0.60 (0.09–4.26)
Place of delivery
 Public institutions 95 (37.8) 156 (62.2) 1 1
 Private institutions 133 (54.7) 110 (45.3) 1.99 (1.87–2.85)* 1.08 (0.45–1.72)
Mode of delivery
 Normal/vaginal 85 (28.9) 209 (71.1) 1 1
 Cesarean section 143 (71.5) 57 (28.5) 6.17 (4.35–9.09)* 6.13 (4.01–9.37)*
Timing of initiation of breastfeeding
 Within 1 h 110 (33.3) 220 (66.7) 1 1
 After 1 h to 1 day 50 (66.7) 25 (33.3) 4.00 (6.19–21.86)* 3.43 (1.59–7.40)*
 After 1 day to 3 days 52 (75.4) 17 (24.6) 6.12 (9.37–44.27)* 3.71 (1.51–9.41)*
 After 3 days 16 (80.0) 4 (20.0) 8.00 (5.46–25.71)* 5.41 (2.15–13.60)*
Pre-lacteal feeding
 Yes 145 (85.3) 25 (14.7) 11.84 (7.12–25.59)* 7.61 (4.11–11.06)*
 No 83 (25.6) 241 (74.4) 1 1
Age of the child
 < 2 month 63 (38.0) 103 (62.0) 1 1
 2–3 months  26 (52.0) 24 (48.0) 1.77 (1.62–2.77)* 2.17 (0.98–3.14)
 4–6 months 139 (50.0) 139 (50.0) 1.63 (1.29–3.11)* 1.92 (0.74–3.09)
  1. *Significant at a p-value of <0.05, BF Breastfeeding, ANC Antenatal care, C/S Cesarean section