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Table 1 Socio-demographic and economic status of respondents in irrigation and non-irrigation users in Mecha district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019

From: Childhood stunting and associated factors among irrigation and non-irrigation user northwest, Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristics

Irrigated

Non-irrigated

Total

Chi-square (p-value)

Frequency

percent

Frequency

percent

  

Mother’s age

  < 20 years

16

2.7

17

2.9

33 (2.8)

4.70 (0.095)

 20–29 years

153

26.3

186

32.0

339 (29.1)

 

  ≥ 30 years

413

71.0

379

65.1

792 (68.0)

 

Family size

  ≤ 4 members

138

23.7

186

32.0

324 (27.8)

9.85 (0.002)

  > 4 members

444

76.3

396

68.0

840 (72.2)

 

Mother education

 Unable to read and write

483

83.0

471

80.9

954 (82.0)

0.84 (0.36)

 Able to read and write

99

17.0

111

19.1

210 (18.0)

 

Antenatal care visit

 No visit

6

1.0

40

6.9

46 (4.0)

27.26(< 0.001)

 1–3 visits

333

57.2

330

56.7

663 (57.0)

 

  > 3 visits

243

41.8

212

36.4

455 (39.1)

 

Frequency of PNC

 No visit

484

83.2

512

88.0

996 (85.6)

13.5 (0.001)

 1–2 visit

83

14.3

46

7.9

129 (11.1)

 

  > 3 visit

15

2.6

24

4.1

39 (3.4)

 

Time taken to reach the health facility

  < 1 h

442

75.9

207

35.6

649 (55.8)

192.32(< 0.001)

  ≥ 1 h

140

24.1

375

64.4

515 (44.2)

 

Drinking water source

 Improved source

438

75.3

430

73.9

868 (74.6)

0.29 (0.590)

 Unimproved source

144

24.7

152

26.1

296 (25.4)

 

Latrine facility

 Improved latrine

394

67.7

222

38.1

616 (52.9)

102.01 (< 0.001)

 Unimproved latrine

188

32.3

360

61.9

548 (47.1)

 

Ways of Hand washing habits

 Only with water

26

4.5

208

35.7

234 (20.1)

184.34(< 0.001)

 Sometime with soap and water

479

82.3

344

59.1

823 (70.7)

 

 Always with soap and water

77

13.2

30

5.2

107 (9.2)