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Table 1 Socio-demographic and economic status of respondents in irrigation and non-irrigation users in Mecha district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019

From: Childhood stunting and associated factors among irrigation and non-irrigation user northwest, Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristics Irrigated Non-irrigated Total Chi-square (p-value)
Frequency percent Frequency percent   
Mother’s age
  < 20 years 16 2.7 17 2.9 33 (2.8) 4.70 (0.095)
 20–29 years 153 26.3 186 32.0 339 (29.1)  
  ≥ 30 years 413 71.0 379 65.1 792 (68.0)  
Family size
  ≤ 4 members 138 23.7 186 32.0 324 (27.8) 9.85 (0.002)
  > 4 members 444 76.3 396 68.0 840 (72.2)  
Mother education
 Unable to read and write 483 83.0 471 80.9 954 (82.0) 0.84 (0.36)
 Able to read and write 99 17.0 111 19.1 210 (18.0)  
Antenatal care visit
 No visit 6 1.0 40 6.9 46 (4.0) 27.26(< 0.001)
 1–3 visits 333 57.2 330 56.7 663 (57.0)  
  > 3 visits 243 41.8 212 36.4 455 (39.1)  
Frequency of PNC
 No visit 484 83.2 512 88.0 996 (85.6) 13.5 (0.001)
 1–2 visit 83 14.3 46 7.9 129 (11.1)  
  > 3 visit 15 2.6 24 4.1 39 (3.4)  
Time taken to reach the health facility
  < 1 h 442 75.9 207 35.6 649 (55.8) 192.32(< 0.001)
  ≥ 1 h 140 24.1 375 64.4 515 (44.2)  
Drinking water source
 Improved source 438 75.3 430 73.9 868 (74.6) 0.29 (0.590)
 Unimproved source 144 24.7 152 26.1 296 (25.4)  
Latrine facility
 Improved latrine 394 67.7 222 38.1 616 (52.9) 102.01 (< 0.001)
 Unimproved latrine 188 32.3 360 61.9 548 (47.1)  
Ways of Hand washing habits
 Only with water 26 4.5 208 35.7 234 (20.1) 184.34(< 0.001)
 Sometime with soap and water 479 82.3 344 59.1 823 (70.7)  
 Always with soap and water 77 13.2 30 5.2 107 (9.2)