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Table 2 Prevalence of stunting and diarrhea, and Height for Age among irrigation and non-irrigation users in Mecha district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019

From: Childhood stunting and associated factors among irrigation and non-irrigation user northwest, Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristics Irrigated Non-irrigated Total Chi-square (p-value)
Fre. percent Fre. percent   
Child Stunting status
 Stunted 191 32.8 234 40.2 425 (36.5) 6.85 (0.009)
 Not stunted 391 67.2 348 59.8 739 (63.5)  
Initiation of Breast-feeding
 Within 1 h 369 63.4 337 57.9 706 (60.7) 3.69 (0.05)
 More than 1 h 213 36.6 245 42.1 458 (39.3)  
Age start complementary feeding
  ≥ 6 months 518 89.0 430 73.9 948 (81.4) 44.02(< 0.001)
  < 6 months 64 11.0 152 26.1 216 (18.6)  
Child sex
 Male 292 50.2 314 54.0 606 (52.1) 1.67 (0.197)
 Female 290 49.8 268 46.0 558 (47.9)  
Child age
  < 12 months 33 5.7 86 14.8 119 (10.2) 65.66(< 0.001)
 12–23 months 81 13.9 119 20.4 200 (17.2)  
 24–35 months 143 24.6 175 30.1 318 (27.3)  
 36–47 months 166 28.5 119 20.4 285 (24.5)  
 48–60 months 159 27.3 83 14.3 242 (20.8)  
Had diarrhea
 Yes 99 17.0 119 20.4 218 (18.7) 2.26 (0.133)
 No 483 83.0 463 79.6 946 (81.3)  
Had Fever
 Yes 105 18.0 132 22.7 237 (20.4) 3.86 (0.049)
 No 477 82.0 450 77.3 927 (79.6)