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Table 3 Multivariable Logistic Regression Analysis of factors affecting childhood stunting in irrigation and non-irrigation users in Mecha district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019

From: Childhood stunting and associated factors among irrigation and non-irrigation user northwest, Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristics Stunting COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Yes No
Irrigation status
 Irrigated 191 391 1.00  
 Non-irrigated 234 348 1.37 (1.08–1.74)**  
Child Sex
 Male 227 379 1.09 (0.86–1.38)  
 Female 198 360 1.00  
Women’s age
  < 20 years 10 23 1.00  
 20–29 years 118 221 1.23 (0.57–2.67)  
  ≥ 30 years 297 495 1.38 (0.65–2.94)  
Family size
  ≤ 4 members 111 213 1.00  
  > 4 members 314 526 1.15 (0.87–1.50)  
Women education
 Unable to read and write 365 589 1.55 (1.12–2.15)**  
 Able to read and write 60 150 1.00  
Initiation of Breast-feeding
 Within 1 h 262 444 1.06 (0.84–1.36)  
 More than 1 h 163 295 1.00  
Age start complementary feeding
  ≥ 6 months 338 610 1.00  
  < 6 months 87 129 1.22 (0.90–1.65)  
Antenatal care visit
 No visit 29 17 3.68 (1.96–6.92)*** 2.61 (1.33–5.12)**
 1–3 visits 144 311 1.32 (1.03–1.70)* 1.21 (0.93–1.57)
  > 3 visits 252 411 1.00 1.00
Frequency of PNC
 No visit 376 620 1.54 (0.76–3.13)  
 1–2 visit 38 91 1.07 (0.48–2.35)  
  > 3 visit 11 28 1.00  
Heath facility far from home
  < 1 h 214 435 1.00  
  > =1 h 211 304 1.41 (1.10–1.79)**  
Child sex
 Male 227 379 1.00  
 Female 198 360 0.92 (0.72–1.17)  
Child age
  < 12 months 24 95 1.00 1.00
 12–23 months 77 123 2.48 (1.46–4.21)** 2.60 (1.51–4.48)**
 24–35 months 132 186 2.81 (1.70–4.63)*** 2.92 (1.74–4.89)***
 36–47 months 131 154 3.38 (2.03–5.58)*** 3.55 (2.09–6.01)***
 48–60 months 61 181 1.33 (0.78–2.27) 1.39 (0.80–2.42)
Drinking water source
 Improved source 311 557 1.00  
 Unimproved source 114 182 1.12 (0.85–1.47)  
Latrine facility     
 Improved source 211 405 1.00  
 Unimproved source 214 334 1.23 (0.97–1.56)  
Ways of Hand washing habits
 Only with water 105 129 3.14 (1.84–5.37)*** 2.27 (1.25–4.11)**
 Sometime with soap and water 298 525 2.19 (1.34–3.58)** 1.77 (1.06–2.97)*
 Always with soap and water 22 85 1.00 1.00
Had diarrhea
 Yes 94 124 1.41 (1.04–1.90)*  
 No 331 615 1.00  
Had Fever
 Yes 113 124 1.80 (1.35–2.40)*** 1.77 (1.29–2.43)***
 No 312 615 1.00 1.00
  1. *P < 0.001, **P < 0.01, ***p < 0.05