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Table 2 The results of CSHQ in FASD patients and controls

From: Sleep problems among children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)- an explorative study

Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire: FASD patients (n = 40) Control group (n = 40) p
Bedtime resistance, points 8 (6; 10) 7 (7; 8.5) 0.2
Sleep onset delay, points 1 (1; 2.5) 1 (1; 1) 0.02
Sleep duration, points 3 (3; 4) 3 (3; 4) 0.3
Sleep anxiety, points 5 (4; 6.5) 4 (4; 5.5) 0.3
Night wakings, points 4 (3; 5) 3 (3; 4) 0.01
Parasomnias, points 9 (8; 11.5) 7 (7; 8) 0.0003
Sleep disordered breathing, points 3 (3; 5) 3 (3; 3) 0.02
Daytime sleepiness, points 11 (7.5; 13.5) 8 (7; 9) 0.0009
Total sleep disturbance score, points 45 (40; 58) 39 (36.5; 41) 0.0007
Total sleep disturbance score > 41
points, n (%)
22 (55) 8 (20) 0.001
Polysomnography, n (%) 19 (47) 5 (12) 0.0006