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Table 4 Relationship between demographic characteristics and brushing behavior in the studied students

From: The role of correlated factors based on Pender health promotion model in brushing behavior in the 13–16 years old students of Guilan, Iran

Level Brush at least 2 times a day Brush less than 2 times a day Total p- value
Abundance Percentage Abundance Percentage
Gender Girl 279 74.6 95 25.4 374 0.001
Boy 329 85.0 58 15.0 384
Age 14–13 150 78.5 41 21.5 191 0.733
15 378 79.9 95 20.1 473
16 80 82.5 17 17.5 97
Number of children in the family 1 111 80.4 27 19.6 138 0.958
2 326 80.1 81 19.9 407
3 118 78.1 33 21.9 151
4 and above 47 79.9 12 20.3 59
Birth rank 1 308 79.6 79 20.4 387 0.950
2 203 79.6 52 20.4 255
3 61 80.3 15 19.7 76
4 and more 35 93.3 7 16.7 42
Father’s job Employee 129 75.4 42 24.6 171 0.230
manual worker 65 87.8 9 12.2 74
Free 336 79.8 85 14.3 421
the farmer 24 85.7 4 19.7 28
Retired 49 80.3 12 23.3 61
Mother’s job housewife 122 76.7 37 23.3 159 0.276
Non-housewife 485 80.7 116 19.3 601
Father Education illiterate 21 95.5 1 4.5 22 0.016
Primary 93 89.4 11 10.6 104
Middle school or high school 160 80.4 39 19.6 199
diploma 196 77.2 58 22.8 254
Post-diploma, bachelor’s degree and higher 135 75.8 43 24.2 178
Mother’s education illiterate 21 77.2 4 16.0 25 0.008
Primary 98 75.8 14 12.5 112
Middle school or high school 172 84.0 30 14.9 202
diploma 198 87.5 64 24.4 262
Post-diploma, bachelor’s degree and higher 119 85.1 41 25.6 160
The economic situation Good 263 78.0 74 22.0 337 0.269
Medium / bad 343 81.3 79 18.7 422