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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with active trachoma among children’s in Metema District, Northwest Ethiopia 2018 (n = 752)

From: Low prevalence of active trachoma and associated factors among children aged 1–9 years in rural communities of Metema District, Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variable Active Trachoma
Yes (%) No (%)
COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Family size
  > 5 71 385 2.8 (1.7–4.9) 1.74 (0.8–4.0)
  ≤ 5 18 278 1.00 1.00
Education status
 Illiterates 73 345 4.2 (2.4–7.4) 2.3 (1.0–5.4)
 Primary & above 16 318 1.00 1.00
Source of water
 unprotected source 65 134 10.7 (6.5–17.7) 4.7 (2.5–8.9)***
 Protected source 24 529 1.00 1.00
Distance to water source
  > 30 min 63 190 6.0 (3.7–9.8) 1.8 (0.9–3.3)
  ≤ 30 min 26 473 1.00 1.00
Water consumption
 40–60 l per HH 52 147 5.9 (3.2–11.1) 2.8 (1.3–6.0)**
 60–80 l per HH 23 281 1.4 (0.7–2.7) 0.8 (0.4–1.9)
  > 80 l per HH 14 235 1.00 1.00
Disposal of garbage.
 Improper 67 252 5.0 (3.0–8.2) 1.5 (0.8–2.9)
 Proper 22 411 1.00 1.00
Latrine utilization
 Improper 76 209 12.7 (6.9–23.4) 3.2 (1.5–6.7)***
 Proper 13 454 1.00 1.00
Frequency of face washing
 one per day 87 509 13.2 (3.2–54.1) 5.3 (1.1–24.6)*
  ≥ twice per day 2 154 1.00 1.00
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio
  2. ***Significant at p-value ≤0.001, ** Significant at p-value ≤0.01, * Significant at p-value ≤0.05