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Table 1 Characteristics of Group “P”, cases for whom PPCc was contacted by phone

From: Acute toxic exposures in children: analysis of a three year registry managed by a Pediatric poison control Center in Italy

Age Category Infant
n (%)
Pre-School
n (%)
School
n (%)
Adolescents
n (%)
Total
n (%)
p-value
Gender
 Male 111 (46.8) 623 (52.2) 77 (55.4) 18 (42.9) 829 (51.5) 0.220
 Female 126 (53.2) 570 (47.8) 62 (44.6) 24 (57.1) 782 (48.5)  
Time of exposure
 Morning 73 (30.8) 252 (21.1) 35 (25.2) 11 (26.2) 371 (23.0) < 0.001
 Afternoon 85 (35.9) 442 (37.0) 33 (23.7) 15 (35.7) 575 (35.7)  
 Evening 78 (32.9) 476 (39.9) 62 (44.6) 12 (28.6) 628 (39.0)  
 Night 1 (0.4) 23 (1.9) 9 (6.5) 4 (9.5) 37 (2.3)  
Location of poison exposure
 Home 221 (93.6) 1148 (96.2) 129 (92.8) 41 (97.6) 1539 (95.6) 0.101
 Outside 15 (6.4) 45 (3.8) 10 (7.2) 1 (2.4) 71 (4.4)  
Reason for poison exposure
Accidental exposure 237 (100.0) 1193 (100.0) 127 (98.6) 32 (76.2) 1599 (98.2) < 0.001
  General accidental exposure 199 (84.0) 1116 (93.5) 111 (79.9) 26 (61.9) 1452 (90.1)  
  Medication error 37 (15.6) 76 (6.4) 24 (17.3) 5 (11.9) 142 (8.8)  
  Adverse reaction 1 (0.4) 1 (0.1) 2 (1.4) 1 (2.4) 5 (0.3)  
Intentional exposure 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.4) 10 (23.8) 12 (0.8)  
  Suicide attempt 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.4) 9 (21.4) 11 (0.7)  
  Abuse 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.4) 1 (0.1)  
Categories of exposure
Pharmaceutical 75 (31.6) 383 (32.1) 58 (41.7) 20 (47.6) 536 (33.3) < 0.001
  Analgesic 17 (7.2) 87 (7.3) 9 (6.5) 3 (7.1) 116 (7.2)  
  Hormones 5 (2.1) 53 (4.4) 4 (2.9) 3 (7.1) 65 (4.0)  
  Antimicrobial 13 (5.5) 35 (2.9) 5 (3.6) 1 (2.4) 54 (3.4)  
  Topic-Dermatological 13 (5.5) 36 (3.0) 2 (1.4) 3 (7.1) 54 (3.4)  
  Respiratory 4 (1.7) 42 (3.5) 4 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 50 (3.1)  
  Neuroactive 2 (0.8) 30 (2.5) 7 (5.0) 6 (14.3) 45 (2.8)  
  Cardioactive 5 (2.1) 32 (2.7) 5 (3.6) 1 (2.4) 43 (2.7)  
  Antistaminic 4 (1.7) 16 (1.3) 7 (5.0) 1 (2.4) 28 (1.7)  
  Supplements 3 (1.3) 17 (1.4) 3 (2.2) 1 (2.4) 24 (1.5)  
  Gastrointestinal 5 (2.1) 14 (1.2) 2 (1.4) 1 (2.4) 22 (1.4)  
  Other 3 (1.3) 12 (1.0) 7 (5.0) 0 (0.0) 22 (1.4)  
  Homeopathic 1 (0.4) 9 (0.8) 3 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 13 (0.8)  
Non Pharmaceuticals 162 (68.4) 810 (67.9) 81 (58.3) 22 (52.4) 1075 (66.7)  
  Industrial product 44 272 40 7 363  
  Domestic product 22 196 14 6 238  
  Cosmetic 22 88 3 1 114  
  Caustic 13 65 2 2 82  
  Plant 27 50 1 0 78  
  Pesticide 17 50 1 1 69  
  Food 10 39 12 2 63  
  Other 4 27 8 2 41  
  Substance abuse 3 23 0 1 27  
Route of exposition
  Ingestion 160 (67.5) 961 (80.6) 100 (71.9) 33 (78.6) 1254 (77.8)  
  Mucosal 45 (19.0) 137 (11.5) 18 (12.9) 1 (2.4) 201 (12.5)  
  Cutaneous 11 (4.6) 38 (3.2) 11 (7.9) 4 (9.5) 64 (4.0)  
  Inhalation 4 (1.7) 21 (1.8) 6 (4.3) 0 (0.0) 31 (1.9)  
  Other 12 (5.0) 14 (1.2) 1 (0.7) 1 (2.4) 28 (1.7)  
  Ocular 3 (1.3) 17 (1.4) 3 (2.2) 2 (4.8) 25 (1.6)  
  Bite 1 (0.4) 5 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (0.4)  
  Injection 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.4) 2 (0.1)  
Clinical presentation
Asymptomatic 224 (94.5) 1079 (80.4) 119 (85.6) 28 (66.7) 1450 (90.0) 0.002
Symptomatic 13 (5.5) 114 (9.6) 20 (14.4) 14 (33.3) 161 (10.0)  
  Gastrointestinal 4 (30.8) 76 (66.7) 10 (50.0) 4 (28.6) 94 (58.4)  
  Dermatological 5 (38.5) 28 (24.6) 5 (25.0) 5 (35.7) 43 (26.7)  
  Neurological 3 (23.1) 4 (3.5) 4 (20.0) 5 (35.7) 16 (9.9)  
  Other 1 (7.7) 4 (3.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (3.1)  
  Respiratory 0 (0.0) 2 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.2)  
  Multi-systemic 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6)  
Emergency Department referral
 No 206 (86.9) 959 (80.4) 117 (84.2) 31 (73.8) 1313 (81.5) 0.048
 Yes 31 (13.1) 234 (19.6) 22 (15.8) 11 (26.2) 298 (18.5)  
Decontamination
 No 222 (93.7) 1118 (93.7) 122 (87.8) 39 (92.9) 1501 (93.2) 0.386
 Yes 15 (6.3) 75 (6.3) 17 (12.2) 3 (7.1) 110 (6.8)  
  Charcoal 6 (2.5) 43 (3.6) 9 (6.5) 3 (7.1) 61 (3.8)  
  Topic wash 6 (2.5) 16 (1.3) 5 (3.6) 0 (0.0) 27 (1.7)  
  Ocular Irrigation 3 (1.3) 15 (1.3) 3 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 21 (1.3)  
  Gastric lavage 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)  
Total 237 (14.7) 1193 (74.1) 139 (8.6) 42 (2.6) 1611 (100.00)  
  1. p-value calculated for each variable