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Table 4 Risk of Hospital admission of Group “ED”, cases accessing PPCc at Emergency Department

From: Acute toxic exposures in children: analysis of a three year registry managed by a Pediatric poison control Center in Italy

Hospital admitted Yes Total Univariable analysis Multivariable logistic regression
n(%) n(%) OR 95%CI OR 95% CI
Sex
 Female 245 (50.2) 488 1.2    
 Male 266 (45.3) 587 1.0 1.0–1.5   
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Age category
 Infant 42 (44.2) 95 1.00 0.7–1.6   
 Pre School 340 (44) 773 1.00    
 School 50 (50.5) 99 1.29 0.9–2.0   
 Adolescent 79 (73.1) 108 3.46* 2.2–5.5   
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Time of exposure
 Morning 77 (39.5) 195 1.0   1.0  
 Afternoon 188 (49) 384 1.5* 1.0–2.1 1.5* 1.0–2.2
 Evening 215 (47.4) 454 1.4 1.0–1.9 1.4 1.0–2.0
 Night 31 (73.8) 42 4.3* 2.0–9.4 3.2* 1.4–7.0
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Location of poison exposure
 Outside 57 (66.3) 86 2.3* 1.45–3.7   
 Home 454 (45.9) 989 1.0    
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Reasons for poison exposure
Intentional exposure 71 (84.5) 84     
  Suicide attempt 41 (97.6) 42 86.82* 5.3–1400   
  Abuse substance 30 (71.4) 42 5.29* 2.0–13.9   
Accidental exposure 440 (44.4) 991     
  General accidental exposure 420 (44.9) 935 1.72 1.0–3.1   
  Medication error 17 (32.1) 53 1.00    
  Adverse reaction 3 (100) 3 5.29*    
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Substance
 Substance of abuse 43 (72.9) 59 17.5* 4.1–75.2 15.9* 4.7–53.1
 Caustic 100 (70.4) 142 15.5* 4.5–53.7 15.6* 5.1–47.6
 Other 29 (65.9) 44 12.6* 3.0–53.1 11.7* 3.4–40.0
 Food 10 (43.5) 23 5.0* 1.2–21.0 5.0* 1.3–19.0
 Domestic product 80 (38.5) 208 4.1* 1.3–12.3 4.1* 1.4–12.3
 Plant 11 (35.5) 31 3.6 0.9–13.6 3.7* 1.0–13.3
 Industrial product 53 (29.1) 182 2.7 0.9–8.1 2.7 0.9–8.2
 Drug 178 (52.4) 340 7.1* 2.4–21.5 2.2 0.5–10.4
 Pesticide 3 (18.8) 16 1.5 0.3–7.9 1.7 0.3–8.6
 Cosmetic 4 (13.3) 30 1.0   1.0  
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Pharmaceutical
 Neuroactive 55 (74.3) 74 8.7* 2.2–34.0 8.7* 2.5–30.2
 Antistaminic 13 (65) 20 5.6* 1.1–27.9 5.5* 1.3–23.9
 Other 9 (64.3) 14 5.4 0.9–30.8 5.3* 1.1–25.6
 Cardioactive 35 (61.4) 57 4.8* 1.3–17.9 4.9* 1.4–17.1
 Analgesic 33 (48,5) 68 2.8 0.8–9.9 2.8 0.8–9.4
 Homeopathic 2 (40) 5 2.0 0.2–17.9 2.0 0.2–16.9
 Gastrointestinal 2 (33.3) 6 1.5 0.2–12.2 1.6 0.2–12.6
 Supplements 4 (36.4) 11 1.7 0.3–9.5 1.5 0.3–8.1
 Respiratory 6 (35.3) 17 1.6 0.4–7.6 1.5 0.3–7.0
 Hormones 11 (29.7) 37 1.3 0.3–4.9 1.3 0.3–4.8
 Topic 4 (26.7) 15 1.1 0.2–5.6 1.1 0.2–5.4
 Antibiotic 4 (25) 16 1.0   1.0  
 None 333 (45.3) 735 2.5 0.8–7.8   
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Route of exposition
 Inhalation 19 (65.5) 29 8.2* 1.6–43.4   
 Ingestion 464 (48.6) 955 4.1* 1.2–14.5   
 Cutaneous 15 (37.5) 40 2.6 0.6–11.0   
 Other 2 (28.6) 7 1.7 0.2–14.5   
 Mucosa 7 (25.9) 27 1.5 0.3–7.1   
 Ocular 3 (18.8) 16 1.0    
 Injection 1 (100) 1     
Total 511 (47.5) 1075     
Clinical presentation
 Neurologic Symptom 62 (80.5) 77 5.6* 2.2–14.0   
 Gastrointestinal Symptoms 137 (76.5) 179 4.4* 2.1–9.3   
 Respiratory Symptom 6 (66.7) 9 2.7 0.6–12.9   
 Others 5 (55.6) 9 1.7 0.4–7.4   
 Multiple Symptom 4 (44.4) 9 1.1 0.2–4.7   
 Dermatological Symptoms 17 (42.5) 40 1.0    
Total 231 (71.5) 323     
Decontamination
 Gastric lavage & carbon 22 (88) 25 29.3* 1.2–703.8   
 Charcoal 100 (70.9) 141 9.8* 1.0–94.9   
 None 378 (43) 880 3.01 0.3–27-1   
 Ocular irrigation 4 (22.2) 18 1.1 0.1–14.1   
 Topic wash 1 (20) 5 1.0 .   
 Gastric lavage 5 (100) 5   .   
 Intestinal Irrigation 1 (100) 1     
Total 511 (47.5) 1075      
  1. OR with* are those with p-value <0.05