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Table 5 Association of HCV Seropositivity with Demographic, Transfusion and Laboratory Variables

From: CMV, B and C hepatitis among multi-transfused hereditary hemolytic Anemia children: an updated Egyptian experience

Variables HCV Negative (n = 407) HCV Positive (n = 70) Test P value
Gender No (%)
 - Male 224 (55) 38 (54) 0.014a 0.927
 - Female 183 (45) 32 (46)   
Age (years)     
 - Mean (SD) 9.4 (±5.1) 13.1 (±5.2) 3.9b 0.001
Age Categories (years) No (%)
 - < 5 82 (20) 4 (5)   
 - 5–9 146 (36) 14 (20) 29.6a 0.001
 - 10–14 101 (25) 20 (29)   
 - 15–18 78 (19) 32 (46)   
Body mass index No (%)
 - Underweight 250 (61) 30 (43)   
 - Normal 144 (35) 38 (54) 17.3a 0.027
 - Overweight 13 (4) 2 (3)   
Transfusion Categories (years) No (%)
 - 1–2 79 (19) 2 (3)   
 - 3–4 58 (14) 5 (7) 29.9a 0.001
 - 5–10 137 (34) 18 (26)   
 - > 11 133 (33) 45 (64)   
Transfusion Duration (year)
 - Mean (SD) 9 (±2.9) 14 (±2.1) 2.7b 0.001
Transfusion Frequency/years     
 - Mean (SD) 14.8 (±8.5) 19.5 (±9.7) 3.9b 0.001
Serum Ferritin (ng/ml)
 - Median 2800 3875 3.8c 0.001
 - Range 488–4170 1300–9661   
  1. aChi-square test, b Independent sample t-Test, c Mann-Whitney test