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Table 2 Associations between risk factors and incidence of NRDS (univariate analysis)

From: Maternal and neonatal risk factors for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome in term neonates in Cyprus: a prospective case–control study

  OR 95% CI pvalue
Categorical
 Male gender 2.64 1.24–5.61 0.011
 Smoking 0.29 0.03–2.63 0.276
 Gestational diabetes 1.00 0.36–2.80 0.997
 Thrombophilia 0.51 0.051–5.05 0.566
 Caesarean section 1.42 0.71–2.86 0.315
 Elective Caesarean section 8.29 2.16–31.81 0.002
 IUGR 0.19 0.02–1.60 0.128
 Oligo-hydramnios 3.53 0.31–40.13 0.308
 Preeclampsia 0.49 0.50–4.91 0.549
 Prenatal steroids 0.85 0.27–2.69 0.777
 Fetal distress 2.01 0.86–4.71 0.107
 Frequent Obstetrician visits 0.35 0.09–1.26 0.109
Continuous
 Gestational Age (weeks) 0.82 0.59–1.11 0.200
 Birthweight (gr) 0.99 0.99–1.00 0.864
 Maternal Age (years) 1.01 0.94–1.09 0.693
 Maternal BMI 1.00 0.94–1.07 0.970
 Apgar at 5 min 0.64 0.44–0.92 0.016
 Lactate Acid (mmol/L) 1.03 0.90–1.18 0.633
  1. IUGR Intrauterine Growth Restriction, BMI Body Mass Index