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Table 1 The socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants in Arsi Zone Public Hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia, 2020

From: Predictors of congenital anomalies among newborns in Arsi zone public hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia: a case-control study

Characteristics Categories Case N (%) Control N (%)
Age of mother < 20 8(7.6) 13(4.2)
20–34 70(66.7) 265(84.7)
> 34 27(25.7) 35(11.2)
Marital status of mothers Married 57(54.3) 243(77.6)
Divorced 17(16.2) 27(8.6)
Widowed 8(7.6) 11(3.5)
Single 17(16.2) 21(6.7)
Separated 6(5.7) 11(3.5)
Religion of mothers Muslim 57(54.3) 144(46)
Orthodox 28(26.7) 126(41.2)
Protestant 28(8.9) 16(15.2)
Catholic 12(3.8) 4(3.9)
Educational level of mothers No formal education 47(44.8) 132(42.2)
Primary education 24(22.9) 68(21.7)
Secondary education 19(18.1) 56(17.9)
Higher education 15(14.3) 57(18.2)
Occupation of mothers Housewife 52(49.5) 139(44.4)
Government employee 4(3.8) 31(9.7)
Private business 22(21) 89(28.4)
NGO employee 13(12.4) 21(6.7)
Student 14(13.3) 33(10.5)
Educational level of fathers No formal education 44(42.3) 125(39.9)
Primary education 28(26.9) 58(18.5)
Secondary education 21(20.2) 57(18.2)
Higher education 11(10.6) 73(23.3)
Residence Urban 53(50.5) 165(52.7)
Rural 52(49.5) 148(47.3)
Ethnicity Oromo 71(67.6) 185(59.1)
Amhara 26(24.8) 93(29.7)
Tigre 6(5.7) 15(4.8)
Gurage 2(1.9) 18(5.8)
Others 0(0) 2(0.6)