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Table 2 Reproductive and obstetric characteristics of study participants in Arsi Zone Public Hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia, 2020

From: Predictors of congenital anomalies among newborns in Arsi zone public hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia: a case-control study

Characteristics Categories Case N (%) Control N (%) Total N (%)
Gravidity Primigravida 20(19) 78(24.9) 98(23.4)
Multigravida 85(81) 235(75.1) 320(76.6)
Birth order First 20(19) 78(24.9) 98(23.4)
Second 44(41.9) 163(52.1) 207(49.5)
Third 27(25.7) 41(13.1) 68(16.3)
Above third 14(13.3) 31(9.9) 45(10.8)
Gestational age at birth < 28 weeks 3(2.9) 9(2.9) 12(2.9)
28–37 43(41) 72(23) 115(27.5)
>  37 weeks 59(56.2) 232(74.1) 291(69.6)
Stillbirth Yes 12(11.4) 16(5.1) 28(6.7)
No 93(88.6) 297(94.9) 390(93.3)
Abortion Yes 6(5.7) 17(5.4) 23(5.5)
No 99(94.3) 296(94.6) 395(94.5)
Family history of congenital anomalies Yes 17(16.2) 55(17.6) 72(17.2)
No 88(83.8) 258(82.4) 346(82.8)
Previous history of child with congenital anomalies Yes 17(16.2) 48(15.3) 65(15.6)
No 88(83.8) 265(84.7) 353(84.4)
Sex of newborn Male 42(40) 192(61.3) 234(56)
Female 63(60) 121(38.7) 184(44)
ANC follow-up Yes 49(46.7) 146(46.6) 195(46.7)
No 56(53.3) 167(53.4) 223(53.3)
Folic acid supplementation Yes 43(41) 172(55) 215(51.4)
No 62(59) 141(45) 203(46.8)
Contraceptive use Yes 62(59) 140(44.7) 202(48.3)
No 43(41) 173(55.3) 216(51.7)