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Table 4 The analysis of risk factors associated with congenital anomalies in Arsi Zone Public Hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia, 2020

From: Predictors of congenital anomalies among newborns in Arsi zone public hospitals, Southeast Ethiopia: a case-control study

Characteristics Congenital anomaly COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
  Case Control   
N (%) N (%)
Consanguinity
 Yes 61(58.1) 62(19.9) 5.59(3.47, 9.01) 1.74 (0.78,3.86)
 No 44(41.9) 256(80.1) 1 1
Drink alcohol
 Yes 67(63.8) 57(18.2) 7.92(4.89,12.94) 3.48(1.38,8.74)*
 No 38(36.2) 256(81.1) 1 1
Smoking
 Yes 58(55.2) 52(16.6) 0.16(0.1,0.26) 1.47(0.58,3.76)
 No 47(44.8) 261(83.4) 1 1
Maternal illness
 Yes 41(39) 64(20.4) 2.5(1.54, 4.02) 6.10(2.39,15.57)*
 No 64(61) 249(79.6) 1 1
Unidentified drug use
 Yes 50(47.6) 60(19.2) 3.8(2.38,6.17) 0.43(0.16,1.2)
 No 55(52.4) 253(80.8) 1 1
Chewing khat
 Yes 69(65.7) 61(19.5) 7.92(4.85,12.93) 4(1.49,10.65)*
 No 36(34.3) 252(80.5) 1 1
Chemical exposure
 Yes 70(66.7) 67(21.4) 7.34(4.51,11.96) 4.76(1.57,14.47)*
 No 35(33.3) 246(78.6) 1 1
Herbal exposure
 Yes 49(46.7) 60(19.2) 3.7(2.3,5.94) 0.91(0.4,2.07)
 No 56(53.3) 253(80.8) 1 1
Lack of folic acid use
 Yes 43(41) 172(55) 1.8(1.12,2.8) 3.25(1.6,6.61)*
 No 62(59) 141(45) 1 1
Contraceptive use
 Yes 62(59) 140(44.7) 1.8(1.14,2.8) 1.16(0.51,2.65)
 No 43(41) 173(55.3) 1 1
  1. Key: * statistically significant at P-value ≤0.05 in multivariable logistic regression analysis