Skip to main content

Table 1 Bivariate analysis of the association of socio-demographic and economic factors with stunting among children under-five in Debre Tabor town, Ethiopia, December to mid-January 2019

From: Water, sanitation, and hygiene as a priority intervention for stunting in under-five children in northwest Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Frequency Percent Stunting COR(95%CI) p-value
Yes No
Sex of child
 Male 302 47.94 111 191 .904(.652–1.254) .546
 Female 328 52.06 113 215 1  
Educational status of a mother
 Illiterate 160 25.4 43 117 2.066 (1.209–3.53) .008
 Primary level 249 39.5 92 157 1.296(.801–2.095) .291
 Secondary level 126 20.0 48 78 1.234(.717–2.122) .448
 Diploma and above 95 15.1 41 54 1  
Educational status of the father
 Illiterate 244 38.73 74 170 1.875 (1.139–3.089) .014
 Primary level 148 23.50 59 89 1.231(.724–2.096) .443
 Secondary level 149 23.65 51 98 1.569(.916–2.685) .101
 Diploma and above 89 14.12 40 49 1  
Marital status of a mother
 Single 41 6.5 8 33 2.33 (1.053–5.142) .037
 Widowed 46 7.3 19 27 .802(.434–1.481) .48
 Divorced 19 3.0 8 11 .776(.307–1.962) .592
 Married 524 83.2 189 335 1  
Age of mother
 < 20 12 1.9 5 7 .803(.25–2.581) .712
 20–29 264 41.9 90 174 1.108(.794–1.548) .546
 ≥ 30 354 56.2 129 225 1  
Family size
 > 5 243 38.6 61 182 2.17 (1.525–3.091) <.001
 ≤ 5 387 61.4 163 224 1  
stature of mother
 < 150 cm 116 18.4 26 90 2.17 (1.354–3.474) .001
 ≥ 150 cm 514 81.6 198 316 1  
Birth order
 1–2 192 30.5 65 123 1  
 3–4 258 40.9 92 166 .923(.624–1.368) .691
 > 4 180 28.6 67 113 .863(.564–1.32) .498