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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of the association of WASH factors with stunting among children under-five in Debre Tabor town, Ethiopia, December to mid-January 2019

From: Water, sanitation, and hygiene as a priority intervention for stunting in under-five children in northwest Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Frequency Percent Stunting COR(95%CI) P-value
Yes No
Drinking water source status
 Unimproved 97 15.4 14 83 3.854 (2.132–6.97) <.001
 Improved 533 84.6 210 323 1  
Household Water storage container cover
 No 86 13.7 19 67 2.132 (1.245–3.652) .006
 Yes 544 86.3 205 339 1  
Distance to fetch water from the source
 Greater than 30 min 164 26 58 106 1.011(.697–1.467) .953
 Less than 30 min 466 74 166 300 1  
Sanitation status
 Unimproved 352 55.87 106 246 1.712 (1.231–2.379) .001
 Improved 278 44.13 118 160 1  
The hygienic practice of households
 Poor 382 60.6 105 277 2.434 (1.74–3.403) <.001
 Good 248 39.4 119 129 1  
Solid waste disposal
 Open field 272 43.2 79 193 2.363 (1.511–3.695) <.001
 Dump into pit 239 37.9 90 149 1.383(.881–2.17) .159
 Burning 119 18.9 55 64 1