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Table 5 Factors significantly associated with stunting among children under-five from multi-variable logistic regression analysis

From: Water, sanitation, and hygiene as a priority intervention for stunting in under-five children in northwest Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI) P-value (AOR)
The educational level of the mother
 Illiterate 2.066 (1.209–3.53) 2.572 (1.348–4.909) .004
 Primary level 1.296(.801–2.095) 1.204(.670–2.164) .534
 Secondary level 1.234(.717–2.122) 1.09(.566–2.100) .797
 Diploma and above 1 1  
The educational level of the father
 Illiterate 1.944 (1.176–3.212) 2.275 (1.22–4.242) .01
 Primary level 1.284(.752–2.192) 1.122(.588–2.142) .726
 Secondary level 1.685(.983–2.891) 1.695(.886–3.242) .111
 Diploma and above 1 1  
Marital status
 Single 2.33 (1.053–5.142) 2.717 (1.09–6.772) .032
 Widowed .802(.434–1.481) .696(.322–1.507) .358
 Divorced .776(.307–1.962) .954(.311–2.922) .934
 Married 1 1  
Family size
 > 5 2.171 (1.525–3.091) 2.255 (1.424–3.571) .001
 ≤ 5 1 1  
Stature of mother
 < 150 cm 2.169 (1.354–3.474) 1.776 (1.024–3.081) .041
 ≥ 150 cm 1 1  
Source of drinking water
 Unimproved 2.896 (1.689–4.966) 2.413 (1.116–5.219) .025
 Improved 1 1  
Latrine/sanitation status
 Unimproved 3.109 (1.279–7.554) 2.043 (1.359–3.070) .001
 Improved 1 1  
The hygienic practice of households
 Poor 2.434 (1.74–3.403) 1.87 (1.246–2.808) .003
 Good 1 1  
Diarrhea in the past two weeks
 Yes 2.092 (1.501–2.915) 2.904 (1.917–4.399) <.001
 No 1 1  
Deworming status
 Not dewormed 1.544 (1.108–2.151) 1.645 (1.105–2.448) .014
 Dewormed 1 1  
ANC visit of mother
 < 3 times 1.685 (1.2132.342) 2.16 (1.431–3.259) <.001
 ≥ 3 times 1 1  
Method of feeding children
 Spoon 1.75 (1.05–2.919) 2.108 (1.126–3.945) .020
 Cup 2.067 (1.278–3.34) 2.154 (1.207–3.843) .009
 Hand 3.04 (1.863–4.962) 3.362 (1.866–6.058) <.001
 Bottle 1 1  
Age at introduction of complementary feeding started
 Before 6 and after 8 month 2.815 (1.66–4.771) 2.215 (1.132–4.337) .020
 At 6–8 month 1 1  
Frequency of feeding per day
 Twice 3.49 (2.171–5.616) 3.542 (1.784–7.034) <.001
 Three times 1.241(.851–1.810) 1.151(.537–2.465) .718
 > 3 times 1 1