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Table 4 bivariable and multivariable analysis of the study population HIV positive children under 15 years of age attending ART care at public health institutions in Southern Ethiopia, 2021

From: Under-nutrition and associated factors among children on ART in Southern Ethiopia: a facility-based cross-sectional study

Variable and Category Wasting Bi-variable logistic regression analysis Multi-variable logistic regression analysis
Yes, N (%) No N (%) p-value COR with 95%CI AOR with 95% CI P-Value
Residency
 Rural 79 (56.8%) 80 (32%) 0.02 2.25 (1.362–3.720) 4.083 (1.985–8.400) 0.000*
 Refuge 24 (17.3%) 86 (35.2%) 0.11 0.62 (0.341–1.129) 1.265 (0.582–2.749) 0.553
 Urban 36 (25.9%) 78 (32.8%)   1   
Age in month
 < 60 51 (36.7%) 73 (29.9%) 0.129 1.428 (0.901–2.263) 0.944 (0.478–1.865) 0.868
 60–120 20 (14.4%) 32 (13.1%) 0.446 1.278 (0.681–2.398) 0.553 (0.232–1.319) 0.182
 121–180 68 (48.9%) 139 (57.0%)   1   
Mother education
 unable to read and write 104 (74.8%) 70 (28.7%) 0.000 7.386 (4.603–11.852) 9.329 (5.017–17.348) 0.000*
 Able to read and write 35 (25.2%) 174 (71.3%)   1   
WHO Clinical stage
 Stage IV 50 (36.0%) 67 (27.5%) 0.002 2.359 (1.368–4.070) 1.370 (0.672–2.795) 0 .386
 Stage III 43 (30.9%) 61 (25.0%) 0.005 2.228 (1.271–3.908) 0.703 (0.320–1.544) 0.380
 Stage II 15 (10.8%) 18 (7.4%) 0.017 2.634 (1.189–5.836) 1.075 (0.331–3.489) 0.905
 Stage I 31 (22.3%) 98 (40.2%) 1 1   
Having diarrhea
 Yes 98 (70.5%) 119 (48.8%) 0.000 2.511 (1.613–3.909) 1.779 (0.977–3.239) 0.060
 No 41 (29.5%) 125 (51.2%)   1   
Marital status
 Unmarried 59 (42.4%) 42 (17.2%) 0.000 3.547 (2.211–5.692) 1.855 (0.970–3.549) 0.062
 Married 80 (57.6%) 202 (82.8%)   1   
Current CD4 count
 > 500 36 (25.9%) 126 (51.6%)   1   
 350–499 48 (34.5%) 37 (15.2%) 0.000 4.541 (2.577–8.002) 4.911 (2.325–10.369) 0.000*
 200–359 55 (39.6%) 81 (33.2%) 0.001 2.377 (1.435–3.936) 1.771 (0.909–3.451) 0.093
Oral lesion
 Yes 109 (78.4%) 139 (57.0%) 0.000 2.745 (1.703–4.422) 2.221 (1.169–4.219) 0.015*
 No 30 (21.6%) 105 (43.0%)   1   
Source of water
 Unprotected 104 (74.8%) 98 (40.2%) .000 4.427 (2.793–7.017) 3.216 (1.787–5.788) 0.000*
 Protected 35 (25.2%) 146 (59.8%)   1   
Care takers relation
 Biological mother 13 (9.4%) 79 (32.4%) 1    
 Other than mother 126 (90.6%) 165 (67.6%) 0.000 4.641 (2.470–8.720) 4.172 (1.894–9.190) 0.000*
  1. 1 = reference
  2. *p-value less than 0.05