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Table 5 bivariate and multivariate analysis of the study population for HIV positive children under 15 years of age attending ART care at public health institutions in Southern Ethiopia, 2021

From: Under-nutrition and associated factors among children on ART in Southern Ethiopia: a facility-based cross-sectional study

Variable and Category Stunting Bi-variable logistic regression analysis Multi-variable logistic regression analysis
Yes, N (%) No N (%) p-value COR with 95%CI AOR with 95% CI P-Value
Sex of the child
 Male 149 (66.7%) 179 (49.4%)   1   
 Female 7 (33.3%) 183 (50.6%) 0.132 2.045 (0.806–5.184) 1.489 (0.535–4.145) 0.446
History of admission
 Yes 16 (76.2%) 178 (49.2%) 0.022 3.308 (1.187–9.220) 4.938 (1.629–14.966) 0.005*
 No 5 (23.8%) 184 (50.8%)   1   
WHO Clinical
 Stage IV 4 (19.0%) 122 (33.7%) .954 0.959 (0.234–3.924) 0.928 (0.217–3.956) 0.919
 Stage III 3 (14.3%) 88 (24.3%) .048 3.324 (1.009–10.948) 3.982 (1.113–14.251) 0.034*
 Stage II 10 (47.6%) 35 (9.7%) .243 2.507 (0.535–11.740) 3.168 (0.630–15.946) 0.162
 Stage I 4 (19.0%) 117 (32.3%) 1    
Can read and write
 Yes 8 (38.1%) 201 (55.5%) 0.125 2.029 (0.821–5.014) 1.443 (0.536–3.885) 0.468
 No 13 (61.9%) 161 (44.5%)   1   
Marital status
 Unmarried 8 (38.1%) 93 (25.7%) 0.215 1.780 (0.715–4.430) 1.239 (0.442–3.472) 0.683
 Married 13 (61.9%) 269 (74.3%)   1   
Current CD4 count
 > =500 5 (23.8%) 157 (43.4%)   1   
 350–499 8 (38.1%) 77 (21.3%) 0.044 3.262 (1.033–10.305) 3.490 (1.016–11.985) 0.047*
 200–359 8 (38.1%) 128 (35.4%) 0.247 1.962 (0.627–6.145) 2.589 (0.774–8.663) 0.123
Having recurrent oral lesion
 No 3 (14.3%) 143 (39.5%)   1   
 Yes 18 (85.7%) 219 (60.5%) .031 3.918 (1.133–13.542) 3.932 (1.094–14.126) 0.036*
  1. 1 = reference
  2. *p-value less than 0.05