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Table 2 Comparison of socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics of mothers of cases and controls, WAU, 2020

From: Determinants of low birth weight deliveries at five referral hospitals in Western Area Urban district, Sierra Leone

Characteristics Cases (n = 146) Controls (n = 292) Crude OR
(95% CI)
p-value
Mother’s age (years)
  < 20 36 30 3.08 (1.60–5.92) 0.001*
 20–29 82 190 1.10 (0.66–1.84) 0.688
  ≥ 30 28 72 1  
Mother’s highest education
 No formal education 64 98 1.57 (0.82–3.00) 0.169
 Primary 23 40 1.38 (0.64–2.97) 0.401
 Secondary/Tec-Voc 42 113 0.89 (0.45–1.74) 0.748
 Tertiary 17 41 1  
Mother’s employment
 Unemployed 63 50 4.06 (2.54–6.47) <  0.001*
 Student 20 39 1.65 (0.89–3.03) 0.106
 Employed/self-employed 63 203 1  
Mother/household monthly income
  < Le 500,000 121 226 1.41 (0.83–2.46) 0.182
  ≥ Le 500,000 25 66 1  
Marital status
 Single 55 75 1.94 (1.25–3.01) 0.003*
 Cohabiting/married husband unemployed 15 15 2.65 (1.23–5.69) 0.012*
 Cohabiting/married husband employed 76 202 1  
Religious affiliation
 Christian 60 110 1.15 (0.75–1.76) 0.488
 Muslim 86 182 1  
  1. 1 = Reference group; *p-value < 0.05 is statistically significant; Crude odd ratio (OR), CI (confidence interval)