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Table 6 Determinants of delivery of LBW babies, WAU, 2020

From: Determinants of low birth weight deliveries at five referral hospitals in Western Area Urban district, Sierra Leone

Determinants Cases Controls CoR p-value AoR p-value
(n = 146) (n = 292) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Mother anaemia status in pregnancy
 Anaemic (Hb < 11.0 g/dl) 82 64 4.56 (2.90–7.16) <  0.001* 3.88 (1.90–7.90) <  0.001*
 Not anaemic (Hb ≥ 11.0 g/dl) 64 228 1   1  
Birth spacing
  < 2 years 24 29 2.26 (1.15–4.39) 0.008* 2.53 (1.11–5.73) 0.026*
  ≥ 2 years 58 159 1   1  
Hypertension
 Hypertensive 47 28 4.47 (2.57–7.83) <  0.001* 1.45 (0.63–3.36) 0.387
 Not hypertensive 99 264 1   1  
HIV
 Positive 11 7 3.31 (1.14–10.29) 0.010* 4.01 (0.92–17.32) 0.063
 Negative 135 285 1   1  
Syphilis
 Positive 31 19 3.87 (2.01–7.55) <  0.001* 1.65 (0.55–4.92) 0.368
 Negative 115 273 1   1  
Malaria
 Positive 106 137 2.99 (1.91–4.73) <  0.001* 1.80 (0.88–3.65) 0.103
 Negative 40 155 1   1  
Iron & folic acid used
  < 3 months 34 23 3.55 (1.92–6.60) <  0.001* 1.04 (0.39–2.77) 0.933
  ≥ 3 months 112 269 1   1  
Smoking
 Smokes 52 29 5.01 (2.92–8.67) <  0.001* 4.36 (1.94–9.80) <  0.001*
 Does not smoke 94 263 1   1  
Living with partner that smoked
 Partner smokes 68 80 2.31 (1.49–3.56) <  0.001* 0.91 (0.45–1.84) 0.798
 Partner does not smoke 78 212 1   1  
Take herbal medicine
 Takes 80 78 3.32 (2.14–5.15) <  0.001* 1.92 (0.99–3.72) 0.051
 Does not take 66 214 1   1  
  1. 1 = Reference group; *p-value < 0.05 is statistically significant