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Table 3 Characteristics of KMC policies

From: Surveying family access: kangaroo mother care and breastfeeding policies across NICUs in Italy

Characteristics Number and percentage of NICUs
24 h per day 31 …. (38%)
The father never does the KMC 11 …. (13%)
Repeated more than once a day 54 …. (67%)
KMC offered from (PMA in weeks)
  < 29 28 …. (35%)
 29–30 18 …. (22%)
  > 30 14 …. (17%)
 Othersa 21 …. (26%)
KMC in twins 70 …. (86%)
KMC during respiratory support
 MV 30 …. (37%)
 NIV 68 …. (84%)
 Oxygen supply 73 …. (90%)
KMC discontinued (80/81)
 At the time of transfer to the postintensive care unit 24 …. (30%)
 At the beginning of full oral feeding 10 …. (13%)
 At discharge 46 …. (57%)
KMC with central lines 56 …. (69%)
Initiatives to perform KMC
 Recording in medical records 48 …. (59%)
 KMC written internal protocols 46 …. (57%)
 Specific training in the last 3 years 35 …. (43%)
  1. Legend: MV mechanical ventilation, intubated infants, NIV noninvasive ventilation (CPAP, HFNC, etc.); a: no answer or response such as “when the baby is stable”