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Table 2 Baseline demographic and socio-economic characteristics of participant in Southwest Ethiopia, 2019–2020

From: Effect of nutritional education on anthropometric deficits among pre-school aged children in south West Ethiopia: quasi-experimental study

Variables Category Intervention(%),n= Control (%),n= P-value
Age of mother/ caregiver < 25 104 (36.7) 97 (33.9) 0.695
25–34 130 (45.9) 133 (46.5)
> = 35 49 (17.3) 56 (19.6)
Marital status Single 23 (8.1) 17 (5.9) 0.685
Married 239 (84.5) 245 (85.7)
Widowed 7 (2.5) 10 (3.5)
Divorced 14 (4.9) 14 (4.9)
Divorced    
Educational status of mothers/caregiver Can’t read and write 50 (17.7) 41 (14.3) 0.621
Can read and write 25 (8.8) 25 (8.7)
Grade 1–4 50 (17.7) 41 (14.3)
Grade 5–8 79 (27.9) 88 (30.8)
Grade 9–12 68 (24.0) 75 (26.2)
Tertiary education 11 (3.9) 16 (5.6)
Occupation of the mothers/ caregiver Housewife 230 (81.3) 225 (78.7) 0.631
Merchant 33 (11.7) 32 (11.2)
Government employee 12 (4.2) 18 (6.3)
Others* 8 (2.8) 11 (3.8)
Family size < 5 220 (77.7) 212 (74.1) 0.314
> = 5 63 (22.3) 74 (25.9)
Age of the child in month 24–35 128 (45.2) 122 (42.7) 0.731
36–47 97 (34.3) 107 (37.4)
48–59 58 (20.5) 57 (19.9)
Sex of the child Male 150 (53.0) 141 (49.3) 0.377
Female 133 (47.0) 145 (50.7)
ANC follow up Yes 272 (96.1) 262 (91.6) 0.025
No 11 (3.9) 24 (8.4)
Place of deliver Health facility 218 (77.0) 213 (74.5) 0.477
At Home 65 (23.0) 73 (25.5)
Vaccination status Incomplete 77 (27.2) 76 (26.6)  
Complete 206 (72.8) 210 (73.4)
Had diarrhea Yes 79 (27.9) 87 (30.4) 0.511
No 204 (72.1) 199 (69.6)
Had fever Yes 76 (26.9) 119 (41.6) 0.0604
No 207 (73.1) 167 (58.4)
Had ARI Yes 62 (21.9) 110 (38.5) 0.0001
No 221 (78.1) 176 (61.5)
Household food security Food secure 98 (34.6) 101 (35.3) 0.864
Food insecure 185 (65.4) 185 (64.7)  
Household Wealth index Lowest 92 (32.5) 105 (36.7) 0.572
Second 19 (6.7) 19 (6.6)
Meddle 74 (26.1) 64 (22.4)
Fourth 54 (19.1) 62 (21.7)
highest 44 (15.5) 36 (12.0)
Source of drinking water Improved water 149 (54.8) 141 (50.9) 0.363
Non improved water 123 (45.2) 136 (49.1)
Sanitation Improved 176 (64.7) 195 (70.4) 0.154
Non improved 96 (35.30 82 (29.6)
DDS < 4 food group 154 (54.4) 151 (52.8) 0.698
> = 4 food group 129 (45.6) 135 (47.2)
  1. Other* = Daily labor, ANC = Anti Natal Care, ARI = Acute respiratory infection, DDS = Dietary diversity score