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Table 4 Clinical characteristics of mothers at referral hospitals in western Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2021

From: Determinants of HIV infection among children born to HIV positive mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission program at referral hospitals in west Amhara, Ethiopia; case control study

Variables Child HIV Status Total (%)
Positive (%) Negative (%)
ARV drug adherence
 Good 29 (43.9%) 239 (94.1%) 268 (83.8%)
 Poor 37 (56.1%) 15 (5.9%) 52 (16.2%)
Time of ART initiation
 Before pregnancy 17 (25.8%) 197 (74.6%) 214 (64.8%)
 During pregnancy 6 (9.1%) 51 (19.3%) 57 (17.3%)
 During delivery 9 (13.6%) 6 (2.3%) 15 (4.5%)
 During postpartum 34 (51.5%) 10 (3.8%) 44 (13.4%)
CD4 count of mothers at enrollment (cells/μL)
 CD4 count > 350 33 (50.0%) 218 (85.8%) 251 (78.4%)
 CD4 count 200–350 8 (12.1%) 33 (13.0%) 41 (12.8%)
 CD4 count < 200 25 (37.9%) 3 (1.2%) 28 (8.8%)
Partner HIV sero-status
 Positive 36 (54.5%) 187 (73.6%) 223 (69.7%)
 Negative 16 (24.2%) 47 (18.5%) 63 (19.7%)
 Unknown 14 (21.3%) 20 (7.9%) 34 (10.6%)
Partner enrollment status (N = 223)
 Enrolled 12 (33.3%) 163 (87.2%) 175 (78.5%)
 Not enrolled 24 (66.7%) 23 (12.8%) 48 (21.5%)