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Table 1 Baseline anthropometric and socio-economic characteristics of newly diagnosed children with type 1 diabetes before (Group I) and during (Group II) COVID-19 pandemic

From: Peculiar characteristics of new-onset Type 1 Diabetes during COVID-19 pandemic

  Group I Group II P
Antropometric Parameters
 Numerosity (n) 132 40  
 Gender (M/F) 81/51 20/20 0.20
 Age (years) 9.3 ± 4.3 8.4 ± 4.9 0.27
 Weight (kg) 36.7 ± 19.3 32.0 ± 23.0 0.06
 Weight-SDS -0.07 ± 1.31 -0.77 ± 1.47 0.001
 Height (cm) 135.6 ± 26.0 127.4 ± 31.6 0.15
 Height-SDS 0.13 ± 1.20 -0.34 ± 1.32 0.04
 BMI (kg/m2) 18.5 ± 4.4 17.5 ± 5.6 0.01
 BMI SDS -0.26 ± 2.27 -0.75 ± 1.58 0.006
Socio-economic characteristics
 Family history of T1D (yes/no) 10/122 (7.6%) 6/34 (15%) 0.15
 Mother education (high/low) 55/77 8/32 0.01
 Father education (high/low) 62/70 17/23 0.61
 Father occupation level (high/low) 51/81 13/27 0.48
 Mother occupation level (high/low) 51/81 8/32 0.01
  1. Data are mean ± SD. Significant values P ≤ 0.05. P expresses Mann–Whitney analysis across the two groups. SDS, standard deviation score; B.E., Base Excess. HbA1c, Hemoglobin A1c. IA2, Islet Antigen 2. TG, anti-transglutaminase antibodies. EMA, anti-Endomysial antibodies. TSH, Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone. fT4, free-Thyroxine. TPO, Thyroid Peroxidase antibodies. Tg, Thyroglobulin antibodies