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Table 2 Descriptive analysis of demographic and clinical data: 1st bimester 2020 compared to 1st bimester 2019

From: Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and associated restrictions on Pediatric Emergency Department utilization in Sardinia: a retrospective bicentric observational study

n = 10,780
1° bimester (Jan-Feb)
2019 2020 p-value Δ
N. visits to PED, n (%) 5097 (47.3) 5683 (52.7) - 11.5%
Males, n (%) 2679 (52.6) 3027 (53.3) 0.46 13.0%
Age < 2 years, n (%) 1486 (29.2) 1903 (33.5)  < 0.0001 28.1%
Age 2–5 years, n (%) 2019 (39.6) 1946 (34.2)  < 0.0001 -3.6%
Age 6–11 years, n (%) 1172 (23.0) 1462 (25.7) 0.001 24.7%
Age > 11, n (%) 420 (8.2) 372 (6.6) 0.001 -11.4%
Triage code
  Red, n (%) 11 (0.2) 11 (0.2) 1.00 0.0%
  Yellow, n (%) 548 (10.8) 518 (9.1) 0.03 -5.5%
  Green, n (%) 3717 (72.9) 3994 (70.3) 0.003 7.5%
  White, n (%) 821 (16.1) 1160 (20.4)  < 0.0001 41.3%
  Discharge home, n (%) 4441 (87.1) 5017 (88.3) 0.06 13.0%
  Hospital admission, n (%) 656 (12.9) 666 (11.7) 0.06 1.5%
  Death, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) - -
Reason for PED visit
  Acute respiratory disease 2277 (44.7) 2492 (43.9) 0.40 9.44%
  Gastrointestinal disease 871 (17.1) 908 (16.0) 0.12 4.3%
  Trauma 429 (8.4) 599 (10.5) 0.0002 39.6%
  Skin disorders 399 (7.8) 349 (6.1) 0.0004 -12.5%
  Miscellaneous 196 (3.9) 260 (4.6) 0.07 32.7%
  Neuropsychiatric disease 231 (4.5) 247 (4.4) 0.80 6.9%
  Fever 132 (2.6) 138 (2.4) 0.50 4.6%
  Ocular disease 97 (1.9) 127 (2.2) 0.27 30.9%
  Endocrine and metabolic disorder 118 (2.3) 100 (1.8) 0.06 -15.3%
  Pain 82 (1.6) 124 (2.2) 0.02 51.2%
  Cardiac disease 108 (2.1) 109 (1.9) 0.45 0.9%
  Acute surgical disease 69 (1.4) 82 (1.4) 1.00 18.8%
  Osteoarticular disease 69 (1.4) 106 (1.9) 0.04 53.6%
  Intoxication 19 (0.4) 42 (0.7) 0.04 121.1%
  1. PED Pediatric Emergency Department