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Table 4 Descriptive analysis of demographic and clinical data: 3rd bimester 2020 compared to 3rd bimester 2019

From: Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and associated restrictions on Pediatric Emergency Department utilization in Sardinia: a retrospective bicentric observational study

n = 6695 2019 2020 p-value Δ
3° bimester (May-Jun)
  No. visits to PED, n (%) 5171 (77.2) 1524 (22.8)   -70.5%
  Males, n (%) 2817 (54.5) 807 (53.0) 0.30 -71.4%
  Age < 2 years, n (%) 1473 (25.8) 499 (32.7)  < 0.0001 -66.1%
  Age 2–5 years, n (%) 1921 (37.2) 434 (28.5)  < 0.0001 -77.4%
  Age 6–11 years, n (%) 1446 (28.0) 478 (31.4) 0.01 -66.9%
  Age > 11, n (%) 331 (6.4) 113 (7.4) 0.17 -65.9%
Triage code
  Red, n (%) 8 (0.2) 8 (0.5) 0.05 0.0%
  Yellow, n (%) 380 (7.4) 108 (7.1) 0.69 -71.6%
  Green, n (%) 3854 (74.5) 1159 (76.1) 0.21 -69.9%
  White, n (%) 929 (18.0) 249 (16.3) 0.13 -73.2%
  Home discharge, n (%) 4621 (89.4) 1260 (82.7)  < 0.0001 -72.7%
  Hospital admission, n (%) 550 (10.6) 264 (17.3)  < 0.0001 -52.0%
  Death, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) - -
Reason for PED visit
  Acute respiratory disease 1798 (34.8) 191 (12.5)  < 0.0001 -89.4%
  Gastrointestinal disease 900 (17.4) 262 (17.2) 0.86 -70.9%
  Trauma 682 (13.2) 367 (24.1)  < 0.0001 -46.2%
  Skin disorders 614 (11.9) 169 (11.1) 0.39 -72.5%
  Miscellaneous 174 (3.4) 103 (6.7)  < 0.0001 -40.8%
  Neuropsychiatric disease 204 (4.0) 103 (6.8)  < 0.0001 -49.5%
  Fever 114 (2.2) 48 (3.2) 0.03 -57.9%
  Ocular disease 191 (3.7) 67 (4.4) 0.21 -64.9%
  Endocrine and metabolic disorder 98 (1.9) 33 (2.2) 0.46 -66.3%
  Pain 99 (1.9) 32 (2.1) 0.62 -67.7%
  Cardiac disease 90 (1.7) 29 (1.9) 0.60 -67.8%
  Acute surgical disease 81 (1.6) 61 (4.0)  < 0.0001 -24.7%
  Osteoarticular disease 94 (1.8) 26 (1.7) 0.80 -72.3%
  Intoxication 32 (0.6) 33 (2.2)  < 0.0001 3.3%
  1. PED Pediatric Emergency Department