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Table 5 Descriptive analysis of demographic and clinical data: 2nd bimester 2020 compared to 1st bimester 2020

From: Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and associated restrictions on Pediatric Emergency Department utilization in Sardinia: a retrospective bicentric observational study

  1° bimester (Jan-Feb) 2020 2° bimester (Mar-Apr) 2020 p-value Δ
No. visits to PED, n (%) 5683 1192   -79.0%
Males, n (%) 3027 (53.3) 647 (54.3) 0.53 -78.6%
Age < 2 years, n (%) 1903 (33.5) 402 (33.7) 0.89 -78.9%
Age 2–5 years, n (%) 1946 (34.2) 367 (30.8) 0.02 -81.1%
Age 6–11 years, n (%) 1462 (25.7) 323 (27.1) 0.32 -77.9%
Age > 11, n (%) 372 (6.6) 100 (8.4) 0.03 -73.1%
Triage code
  Red, n (%) 11 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 0.46 -90.9%
  Yellow, n (%) 518 (9.1) 101 (8.5) 0.51 -80.5%
  Green, n (%) 3994 (70.3) 906 (76.0) 0.0001 -77.3%
  White, n (%) 1160 (20.4) 184 (15.4) 0.0001 -84.1%
  Home discharge, n (%) 5017 (88.3) 962 (80.7)  < 0.0001 -80.8%
  Hospital admission, n (%) 666 (11.7) 230 (19.3%)  < 0.0001 -65.5%
  Death, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) - -
Reason for PED visit
  Acute respiratory disease 2492 (43.9) 375 (31.5)  < 0.0001 -85.0%
  Gastrointestinal disease 908 (16.0) 166 (13.9) 0.07 -81.7%
  Trauma 599 (10.5) 211 (17.7)  < 0.0001 -64.8%
  Skin disorders 349 (6.1) 57 (4.8) 0.08 -83.7%
  Miscellaneous 260 (4.6) 100 (8.4)  < 0.0001 -61.5%
  Neuropsychiatric disease 247 (4.4) 56 (4.7) 0.65 -77.3%
  Fever 138 (2.4) 38 (3.2) 0.11 -72.5%
  Ocular disease 127 (2.2) 27 (2.3) 0.83 -78.7%
  Endocrine and metabolic disorder 100 (1.8) 39 (3.3) 0.0009 -61.0%
  Pain 124 (2.2) 35 (2.9) 0.14 -71.8%
  Cardiac disease 109 (1.9) 15 (1.3) 0.16 -86.2%
  Acute surgical disease 82 (1.4) 42 (3.5)  < 0.0001 -48.8%
  Osteoarticular disease 106 (1.9) 13 (1.1) 0.06 -87.7%
  Intoxication 42 (0.7) 18 (1.5) 0.006 -57.1%
  1. PED Pediatric Emergency Department