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Table 1 Prevalence of bullying by comparing the three methods selected and average values of bullying phenomenon in the study population (n = 867)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with bullying phenomenon among pre-adolescents attending first-grade secondary schools of Palermo, Italy, and a comparative systematic literature review

  Methods Prevalence (%)
Physical Single question 35 (4)
Five questions 241 (27.8)
Score of 7 346 (39.9)
Verbal Single question 138 (15.9)
Five questions 370 (42.7)
Score of 7 575 (66.3)
Indirect Single question 105 (12.1)
Five questions 295 (34)
Score of 7 431 (49.8)
Observer Single question 137 (15.8)
Five questions 288 (33.2)
Score of 7 412 (47.5)
Average Bullying values Single question (11.8)
Five questions (34.3)
Score of 7 (50.9)