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Table 1 Recommendations for screening dyslipidaemia [11, 12]

From: Cardiovascular risk in children: a burden for future generations

Children older than 2 years + 1 or more of the followings:
1. First-grade relatives (men < 55 years and women < 65 years) with previous MACEs;
2. Parents with hypercholesterolemia (Total cholesterol ˃ 240 mg/dL);
3. Parental/grandparental family history not known + 2 or more other risk factors for CAD (including hypertension, cigarette smoking, low HDL cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity, and diabetes mellitus)
  1. Abbreviations: MACEs Major Adverse Cardiac Events, including acute coronary syndrome, coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention, stroke, or sudden cardiac death, CAD Coronary Artery Disease