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Table 2 Definitions of elevated blood pressure and hypertension in children and adults [19, 20]

From: Cardiovascular risk in children: a burden for future generations

Adults and children ≥ 13 years of age

Elevated blood pressure

Systolic BP ≥ 120 and diastolic BP ˂ 80 mm Hg

Stage I hypertension

Systolic BP ≥ 130 and diastolic BP ≥ 80 mm Hg

Stage II hypertension

Systolic BP ≥ 140 and diastolic BP ≥ 90 mm Hg

Children ˂ 13 years of age

Elevated blood pressure

Systolic and/ or diastolic BP ≥ 90th percentile for age, sex and height

Stage I hypertension

Systolic and/ or diastolic BP ≥ 95th percentile for age, sex and height

Stage II hypertension

Systolic and/ or diastolic BP ≥ 95th percentile + 12 mm Hg

  1. Abbreviations: BP Blood Pressure