Skip to main content

Table 3 Methods for studying subclinical vascular changes in Kawasaki disease and their association with cardiovascular risk [29]

From: Cardiovascular risk in children: a burden for future generations

  Abbreviations Structure or function measured Increased cardiovascular risk
Carotid intima-media thickness cIMT Intima-media complex of the carotid artery Increased carotid intima-media thickness
Flow-mediated dilatation FMD Endothelial function Smaller percentage increase in the diameter of the brachial artery following cuff release after suprasystolic occlusion
Peripheral arterial tonometry PAT Endothelial function Smaller pulse volume increase in the digital arteries following cuff release after suprasystolic brachial artery occlusion
Pulse wave velocity PWV Arterial stiffness Increased pulse wave velocity