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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariable analysis between variables and active trachoma among school-age children at Debre Tabor town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019 (N = 394)

From: Prevalence of active trachoma and associated factors among school age children in Debre Tabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables Category Active trachoma COR 95%CI AOR 95%CI
Yes No
SWM at HH level Improper 20 83 3.45(1.76–6.77 3.02(1.17–7.80) *
Proper 19 272 1 1
LWM at HH Improper 28 182 2.42(1.17–5.01 1.34(0.37–4.88)
Proper 11 173 1 1
Source of water Unimproved 7 6 12.72(4.03 40.14) 6.52(0.58–72.99)
Improved 32 349 1 1
Availability of latrine No 5 14 3.58(1.21–10.55) 2.44(1.85–4.99)
Yes 34 341 1 1
Latrine type(n = 376) Unimproved 24 80 7.86(3.60–17.30) 5.18(1.95–13.69) **
Improved 10 262 1 1
House property Rental 18 121 1.66(0.85–3.23) 1.30(0.41–4.11)
Owner 21 234 1 1
Nasal discharge Yes 24 21 24.44(11.64–55.59) 0.29(0.05–1.61)
No 15 334 1 1
Facial cleanliness Unclean 24 22 24.21(11.14–52.62) 23.93(8.25–69.38)**
clean 15 333 1 1
Utilization of fomites Yes 17 98 2.00(1.03 -3.97) 2.56(0.87–7.50)
No 22 257 1 1
Utilization of soap No 30 168 3.71(1.71–8.04) 3.27(1.19–8.94) **
Yes 9 187 1 1
Family size  > 4 23 162 1.71(0.87–3.35) 3.40(1.22–9.49) *
 ≤ 4 16 193 1 1
School level of the child Not attended 15 82 1.93(0.75–5.00) 2.65(0.55–12.01
Grade 1–4 17 199 0.90(0.36–2.27) 1.21(0.29–5.09)
Grade 5–8 7 74 1 1
Mother/guardian educational level Unable to read and write 17 78 4.69(1.94–11.30) 1.39(0.28–6.76)
Primary school 14 105 2.87(1.16–7.06) 1.89(0.46–7.69)
Secondary and higher 8 172 1 1
Heard about trachoma No 11 44 2.78(1.29–5.97) 0.93(0.22–3.88)
Yes 28 311 1 1
  1. SWM Solid Waste Management, LWM Liquid Waste Management, HH Household, COD Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio
  2. NB: The model adequately fit the data at a P-value = 0.261(Hosmer Lemeshow goodness Chi-square of 7.69), * significant at p value < 0.05, ** significant at p value < 0.01