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Table 2 Distribution of frequency and severity of diabetic ketoacidosis at disease onset among three age groups (0–4 years, 5–9 years, 10–14 years) during the study period

From: Increasing trend of type 1 diabetes incidence in the pediatric population of the Calabria region in 2019–2021

   0–4 years    5–9 years    10–14 years  
  2019 2020 2021 2019–2021 2019 2020 2021 2019–2021 2019 2020 2021 2019–2021
N° patients 5 15 16 36 19 23 18 60 19 15 24 58
DKA
 Yes 2 (40%) 9 (60%) 6 (37.5%) 17 (47.2%) 9 (47.4%) 10 (43.5%) 9 (50%) 28 (46.7%) 8 (42.1%) 8 (53.3%) 10 (41.7%) 26 (44.8%)
 No 3 (60%) 6 (40%) 10 (62.5%) 19 (52.8%) 10 (52.6%) 13 (56.5%) 9 (50%) 32 (53.3%) 11 (57.9%) 7 (46.7%) 14 (58.3%) 32 (55.2%)
Severity DKA
 Mild 0 (0%) 2 (22.2%) 2 (33.3%) 4 (23.5%) 3 (33.3%) 4 (40%) 2 (22.2%) 9 (32.1%) 4 (50%) 5 (62.5%) 5 (50%) 14 (53.8%)
 Moderate 0 (0%) 1 (11.1%) 1 (16.7%) 2 (11.8%) 2 (22.2%) 3 (30%) 5 (55.6%) 10 (35.7%) 3 (37.5%) 0 (0%) 3 (30%) 6 (23.1%)
 Severe 2 (100%) 6 (66.7%) 3 (50%) 11 (64.7%) 4 (44.4%) 3 (30%) 2 (22.2%) 9 (32.1%) 1 (12.5%) 3 (37.5%) 2 (20%) 6 (23.1%)