Critical Care

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of practice and research in critical care within the context of children and adolescents.

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  1. Case report

    Acute adrenal failure as the presenting feature of primary antiphospholipid syndrome in a child

    Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by recurrent arterial and venous thrombosis and detection of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs). This syndrome may be associated with connective tissue disorder...

    Nicola Improda, Maria Alessio, Donatella Capalbo, Giustina Russo, Ida D’Acunzo, Loredana Palamaro, Claudio Pignata and Mariacarolina Salerno

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:49

    Published on: 20 September 2012

  2. Case report

    Inflammation and neurological adverse drugs reactions: a case of long lasting impaired consciousness after oxatomide administration in a patient with gastroenteritis

    Oxatomide at therapeutic doses generates occasionally drowsiness in children. When administered at toxic doses, however oxatomide may induce long lasting impaired consciousness. We now report a case of severe ...

    Stefania Antoniazzi, Dario Cattaneo, Valentina Perrone, Carla Carnovale, Simonetta Cherubini, Maria Carmela Mugolino, Francesco Clementi, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Emilio Clementi and Sonia Radice

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2012 38:11

    Published on: 30 March 2012

  3. Research

    Symptomatic and asymptomatic candidiasis in a pediatric intensive care unit

    This study aimed to examine the incidence, epidemiology, and clinical characteristics of symptomatic and asymptomatic candidiasis in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to determine the risk factors as...

    Ali Ertug Arslankoylu, Necdet Kuyucu, Berna Seker Yilmaz and Semra Erdogan

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:56

    Published on: 21 November 2011

  4. Case report

    Inhaled Surfactant in the treatment of accidental Talc Powder inhalation: a new case report

    The use of talcum powder is incorrectly part of the traditional care of infants. Its acute aspiration is a very dangerous condition in childhood. Although the use of baby powder has been discouraged from many ...

    Federico Matina, Mirella Collura, Maria Cristina Maggio, Patrizio Vitulo, Caterina Lo Piparo and Giovanni Corsello

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:47

    Published on: 27 September 2011

  5. Case report

    Acute interstitial nephritis with acetaminophen and alcohol intoxication

    Drug-induced acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) represents a growing cause of renal failure in current medical practice. While antimicrobials and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are typically associated ...

    Lauren L Fruchter, Iakovina Alexopoulou and Keith K Lau

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:17

    Published on: 15 April 2011

  6. Research

    Acute lower respiratory tract infection due to respiratory syncytial virus in a group of Egyptian children under 5 years of age

    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important causes of acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRTI) in infants and young children. This study was conducted to describe the epidemiology of...

    Aya M Fattouh, Yasmeen A Mansi, Mervat G El-anany, Amany A El-kholy and Hanaa M El-karaksy

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:14

    Published on: 6 April 2011

  7. Research

    Tracheostomy and mechanical ventilation weaning in children affected by respiratory virus according to a weaning protocol in a pediatric intensive care unit in Argentina: an observational restrospective trial

    We describe difficult weaning after prolonged mechanical ventilation in three tracheostomized children affected by respiratory virus infection. Although the spontaneous breathing trials were successful, the pa...

    Gustavo Caprotta, Patricia Gonzalez Crotti and Judith Frydman

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2011 37:5

    Published on: 19 January 2011

  8. Review

    Body fluids and salt metabolism - Part II

    There is a high frequency of diarrhea and vomiting in childhood. As a consequence the focus of the present review is to recognize the different body fluid compartments, to clinically assess the degree of dehyd...

    Mattia Peruzzo, Gregorio P Milani, Luca Garzoni, Laura Longoni, Giacomo D Simonetti, Alberto Bettinelli, Emilio F Fossali and Mario G Bianchetti

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:78

    Published on: 13 December 2010

  9. Research

    Therapeutic approach to bronchiolitis: why pediatricians continue to overprescribe drugs?

    Bronchiolitis guidelines suggest that neither bronchodilators nor corticosteroids, antiviral and antibacterial agents should be routinely used. Although recommendations, many clinicians persistently prescribe ...

    Daniele De Brasi, Fortunato Pannuti, Fabio Antonelli, Federica de Seta, Paolo Siani and Luciano de Seta

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:67

    Published on: 1 October 2010

  10. Case report

    An unusual case of anisocoria by vegetal intoxication: a case report

    A 12 year old boy presented with an acute onset of anisocoria and blurred vision. Ocular motility was normal but his right pupil was dilated, round but sluggishly reactive to light. There was no history of tra...

    Marina Macchiaiolo, Elettra Vignati, Michaela V Gonfiantini, Annalisa Grandin, Maria Teresa Romano, Michele Salata, Diletta Valentini and Alberto Villani

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:50

    Published on: 20 July 2010

  11. Research

    Validation of "Signs of Inflammation in Children that Kill" (SICK) score for immediate non-invasive assessment of severity of illness

    To validate the SICK scoring system's ability to differentiate between individuals with higher and lower probabilities of death

    Manoj A Gupta, Anjan Chakrabarty, Ruth Halstead, Mohit Sahni, Jayanti Rangasami, Ashish Puliyel, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, David A Green and Jacob M Puliyel

    Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:35

    Published on: 26 April 2010

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Società Italiana di Pediatria

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