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  1. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    We will discuss the clinical and genetic diagnosis of a child with severe psychomotor delay, who at 3 years of age presented with paroxysms of hyperpnea-apnea and seizures unrelated to breathing anomalies.

    Authors: Grazia Taddeucci, Alice Bonuccelli, Ilaria Mantellassi, Alessandro Orsini and Enrico Tarantino

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:12

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  2. Content type: Commentary

    Data about the natural evolution of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) in pediatric age are very scanty. Moreover all the available reports in both aged and young patients were based on unselected study populatio...

    Authors: Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska, Giuseppina Zirilli, Tommaso Aversa and Teresa Arrigo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:11

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  3. Content type: Research

    A number of studies have shown that current classification systems (ICD 10, DSM IV TR) have limitation when applied to autistic children and the category PDD NOS (DSM IV TR) has in particular been criticized. ...

    Authors: Matteo Chiappedi, Giorgio Rossi, Maura Rossi, Maurizio Bejor and Umberto Balottin

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:10

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  4. Content type: Research

    In order to estimate the causes of pediatric morbidity in our area, with particular emphasis on diseases with a genetic background, we retrospectively categorized the admissions of all children hospitalized in...

    Authors: Theodoros Lialiaris, Elpis Mantadakis, Dimitra Kareli, Panagiotis Mpountoukas, Aggelos Tsalkidis and Athanassios Chatzimichail

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:9

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  5. Content type: Commentary

    Obesity is a multi-factorial disease, resulting from genes, environment and behaviour interactions, and represents the most common metabolic disorder in the Western Hemisphere. Its prevalence has dramatically ...

    Authors: Giuseppe Latini, Francesco Gallo and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:8

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  6. Content type: Case report

    A 3 yr old boy presented with abdominal pain, fever and red jelly stools. Intussusception was diagnosed and effectively reduced with air insufflation. However, despite an improvement in his clinical condition,...

    Authors: Rumana N Hussain and Gary Ruiz

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:7

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  7. Content type: Research

    The perfusion index, derived from the pulse oximeter signal, seems to be an accurate predictor for high illness severity in newborns. The aim of this study was to determine the perfusion index values of clinic...

    Authors: Francesco Cresi, Emanuela Pelle, Roberto Calabrese, Luciana Costa, Daniela Farinasso and Leandra Silvestro

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:6

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  8. Content type: Review

    A joint study group on cow's milk allergy was convened by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Allergy and by the Emilia-Romagna Working Group for Paediatric Gastroenterology to focus best practice ...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesco Baldi, Barbara Bendandi, Luigi Calzone, Miris Marani and Pamela Pasquinelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:5

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  9. Content type: Commentary

    Many medicines are prescribed to the paediatric population on an unlicensed or 'off-label' basis because they have not been adequately tested and/or formulated and authorized for use in appropriate paediatric ...

    Authors: Ettore Napoleone

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:4

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Pyloric atresia (PA) is a very rare condition. Its incidence is approximately 1 in 100,000 newborns and constitutes about 1% of all intestinal atresias. We describe the neonatal course of a peculiar case of ty...

    Authors: Enrico Zecca, Mirta Corsello, Claudio Pintus, Lorenzo Nanni and Susanna Zecca

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:3

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  11. Content type: Review

    Contact dermatitis in pediatric population is a common but (previously) under recognized disease. It is usually divided into the allergic and the irritant forms.

    Authors: Paolo Pigatto, Alberto Martelli, Chiara Marsili and Alessandro Fiocchi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:2

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Congenital afibrinogenemia is a very rare inherited coagulation disorder, characterized by virtual absence of plasma fibrinogen (factor I). There are only about 250 cases reported in the world literature [1]. We ...

    Authors: Gopakumar Hariharan, Sivji Ramachandran and Rajiv Parapurath

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2010 36:1

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  13. Content type: Research

    Adverse reactions induced by BCG vaccination are rare, disseminated mycobacterial BCG infection in particular, which is often fatal and results from impaired immunity. The aim of this study is to determine the...

    Authors: Mahnaz Sadeghi-Shanbestari, Khalil Ansarin, Seyed Hudieh Maljaei, Mandana Rafeey, Zakaria Pezeshki, Ahmmad kousha, Reza Baradaran, Jean Laurent Casanova, Jacqueline Feinberg and Jean Pierre de Villartay

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:42

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  14. Content type: Commentary

    The growing use of the Metabolic Syndrome in pediatric age need a critical approach, on the basis of recent concerns on definition and usefulness for individual management in clinical practice. We reviewed the...

    Authors: Paolo Brambilla and Angelo Pietrobelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:41

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  15. Content type: Case report

    A rare case of Acute lymphoblastic leukemia with hemophillia in a 12 year old boy is presented in the article. Patient was known case of hemophillia (factor VIII deficiency). He was diagnosed as a case of ALL ...

    Authors: Rahul Sinha, Kirandeep Sodhi, Biju John and Daljit Singh

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:40

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  16. Content type: Review

    Uncomplicate regurgitation in otherwise healthy infants is not a disease. It consists of milk flow from mouth during or after feeding. Common causes include overfeeding, air swallowed during feeding, crying or...

    Authors: Flavia Indrio, Giuseppe Riezzo, Francesco Raimondi, Luciano Cavallo and Ruggiero Francavilla

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:39

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  17. Content type: Research

    Violence among adolescents has untoward psycho-social and physical health effects among this age group. Most of the literature on this topic has been from high-income nations, and little information has come f...

    Authors: Adamson S Muula, Patricia Herring, Seter Siziya and Emmanuel Rudatsikira

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:38

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  18. Content type: Review

    There is a high frequency of diarrhea and vomiting in childhood. As a consequence the focus of the present review is to recognize the different body fluid compartments, to clinically assess the degree of dehyd...

    Authors: Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti and Alberto Bettinelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:36

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Stump appendicitis is a delayed complication of appendectomy. It is rare and few cases reported in the paediatric literature. The authors report on another case in a child and focus on the diagnostic peculiari...

    Authors: Manef Gasmi, Fatma Fitouri, Sondes Sahli, Radhia Jemaï and Mourad Hamzaoui

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:35

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  20. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The role of infectious agents in autoimmune diseases has been the subject of several studies and is still under investigation. Here a paediatric case series of autoimmune uveitis is reported. An exacerbation o...

    Authors: Paolo Mora, Erilda Kamberi, Francesca Manzotti, Laura Zavota and Jelka G Orsoni

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:34

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  21. Content type: Review

    Procalcitonin (PCT) is an accurate marker for differentiating bacterial infection from non-infective causes of inflammation or viral infection. However, there is only one study in children which tested procalc...

    Authors: Sabine Faesch, Bogdan Cojocaru, Carole Hennequin, Stéphanie Pannier, Christophe Glorion, Bernard Lacour and Gérard Chéron

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:33

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  22. Content type: Research

    1) to evaluate the role of the pediatrician in detecting postnatal depression (PD) symptoms by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS); 2) to detect factors increasing the risk of PD and, 3) to assess ...

    Authors: Vincenzo Currò, Emilia De Rosa, Silvia Maulucci, Maria Lucia Maulucci, Maria Teresa Silvestri, Annaluce Zambrano and Vincenza Regine

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:32

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  23. Content type: Review

    Allergen specific immunotherapy (SIT) is the practice of administering gradually increasing doses of the specific causative allergen to reduce the clinical reactivity of allergic subjects, and is the only trea...

    Authors: Gian Luigi Marseglia, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Mario La Rosa, Franco Frati and Francesco Marcucci

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:31

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  24. Content type: Commentary

    In many fields of medicine there is a growing interest in characterizing diseases at molecular level with a view to developing an individually tailored therapeutic approach. Metabolomics is a novel area that p...

    Authors: Eugenio Baraldi, Silvia Carraro, Giuseppe Giordano, Fabiano Reniero, Giorgio Perilongo and Franco Zacchello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:30

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  25. Content type: Commentary

    Intestinal Failure is a permanent loss of digestive and absorptive functions as a consequence of short bowel syndrome and/or other primary intestinal conditions. Patients with intestinal failure (IF) require l...

    Authors: Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Eliana Ruberto and Alfredo Guarino

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:28

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  26. Content type: Review

    "Dravet syndrome" (DS) previously named severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI), or epilepsy with polymorphic seizures, is a rare disorder characterized by an early, severe, generalized, epileptic encephal...

    Authors: Gemma Incorpora

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:27

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  27. Content type: Research

    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common disease, responsible for significant healthcare expenditures, mostly because of hospitalization. Many practice guidelines on CAP have been developed, including ad...

    Authors: Fabio Antonelli, Daniele De Brasi and Paolo Siani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:26

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  28. Content type: Research

    Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is associated with pulmonary involvement that requires periodical assessment. Chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has become the method of choice to evaluate chron...

    Authors: Silvia Montella, Francesca Santamaria, Marco Salvatore, Marco Maglione, Paola Iacotucci, Maria Margherita De Santi and Carmine Mollica

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:24

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  29. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Recent studies suggested a link between type 1 diabetes mellitus and pervasive developmental disorder. Moreover, permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus due to pancreatic agenesis can be associated with neurologi...

    Authors: Alessandro Giannattasio, Maria Pintaudi, Maria Margherita Mancardi, Francesca Maria Battaglia, Edvige Veneselli, Renata Lorini and Giuseppe d'Annunzio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:23

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  30. Content type: Review

    Antibodies to chromatin and soluble liver antigen have been associated with severe form of autoimmune hepatitis and/or poor treatment response and may provide guidance in defining subsets of patients with diff...

    Authors: Lerine B El- Din Elshazly, Azza M Youssef, Nermine H Mahmoud and Mona M Ibrahim

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:22

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  31. Content type: Review

    Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a useful tool to diagnose and monitor eosinophilic bronchial inflammation in asthmatic children and adults. In children younger than 2 years of age FeNO has been succe...

    Authors: Carmelo Gabriele, Fernando M de Benedictis and Johan C de Jongste

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:21

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  32. Content type: Research

    The therapy for cow's milk proteins allergy (CMPA) consists in eliminating cow's milk proteins (CMP) from the child's diet. Ass's milk (AM) has been recently considered as substitute of CMP. This prospective s...

    Authors: Riccardina Tesse, Claudia Paglialunga, Serena Braccio and Lucio Armenio

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:19

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  33. Content type: Research

    Hypospadias is a congenital displacement of the urethral meatus in male newborns, being either an isolated defect at birth or a sign of sexual development disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the pre...

    Authors: Paolo Ghirri, Rosa T Scaramuzzo, Silvano Bertelloni, Daniela Pardi, Amerigo Celandroni, Guido Cocchi, Roberto Danieli, Luisa De Santis, Maria C Di Stefano, Orietta Gerola, Mario Giuffrè, Giuseppe S Gragnani, Cinzia Magnani, Cristiano Meossi, Ilaria Merusi, Giuseppe Sabatino…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:18

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  34. Content type: Research

    The T wave is rarely bifid, apart from patients with long QT syndrome or subjects treated with antiarrhythmic drugs. At times, a U wave partially superimposed upon the T wave is responsible for an apparently b...

    Authors: Maria Pia Calabrò, Ignazio Barberi, Antonella La Mazza, Maria Chiara Todaro, Francesco L De Luca, Lilia Oreto, Mario Salvatore Russo, Marco Cerrito, Letteria Bruno and Giuseppe Oreto

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:17

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  35. Content type: Research

    Childhood asthma in the Caribbean is advancing in prevalence and morbidity. Though viral respiratory tract infections are reported triggers for exacerbations, information on these infections with asthma is spa...

    Authors: Jason Matthew, Lexley M Pinto Pereira, Tressa E Pappas, Cheri A Swenson, Kris A Grindle, Kathy A Roberg, Robert F Lemanske Jr, Wai-Ming Lee and James E Gern

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:16

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  36. Content type: Research

    Stroke is a serious complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) in children. Transcranic Doppler (TCD) is a well-established predictor of future cerebrovascular symptoms: a blood flow velocity >200 cm/sec in the...

    Authors: Raffaella Colombatti, Giorgio Meneghetti, Mario Ermani, Marta Pierobon and Laura Sainati

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:15

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  37. Content type: Research

    The issue concerning neurologic outcome in patients with perinatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (H.I.E) has inspired many studies which tried to identify adequate prognostic factors. Our work aims to find a...

    Authors: Federico Allemand, Federica Reale, Marco Sposato and Alessandro Allemand

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:14

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  38. Content type: Debate

    To humanize the management of children in hospitals has become a serious concern of civil society and one of the main goals of public and private health centers, health care providers and governments.

    Authors: Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Angelo Campanozzi, Luigi Maiuri and Ida Giardino

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:12

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  39. Content type: Research

    Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the leading cause of hospitalization for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in young children worldwide.

    Authors: Paola Di Carlo, Amelia Romano, Ludovico Salsa, Alessandra Gueli, Antonella Poma, Fortunata Fucà, Piera Dones, Mirella Collura, Diego Pampinella, Delia Motisi and Giovanni Corsello

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:11

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Purpura fulminans (PF) is an ominous cutaneous condition usually associated with meningococcemia. PF in the newborn is rarely reported. We report the case of a female preterm infant with extensive PF due to gr...

    Authors: Kam-Lun Hon, King-Woon So, William Wong and Kam-Lau Cheung

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:10

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  41. Content type: Research

    Intellectual disability affects approximately 1 to 3% of the general population. The etiology is still poorly understood and it is estimated that one-half of the cases are due to genetic factors. Cryptic subte...

    Authors: Elga F Belligni, Elisa Biamino, Cristina Molinatto, Jole Messa, Mauro Pierluigi, Francesca Faravelli, Orsetta Zuffardi, Giovanni B Ferrero and Margherita Cirillo Silengo

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:9

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  42. Content type: Research

    Diarrhoea and acute respiratory conditions are common medical conditions among under-five children in resource-limited and conflict situations. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and as...

    Authors: Seter Siziya, Adamson S Muula and Emmanuel Rudatsikira

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2009 35:8

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