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  1. Content type: Case report

    Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiency is a defect of purine metabolism affecting purinosome assembly and reducing metabolite fluxes through purine de novo synthesis and purine nucleotide recycling pathways....

    Authors: Marina Macchiaiolo, Sabina Barresi, Francesco Cecconi, Ginevra Zanni, Marcello Niceta, Emanuele Bellacchio, Giacomo Lazzarino, Angela Maria Amorini, Enrico Silvio Bertini, Salvatore Rizza, Benedetta Contardi, Marco Tartaglia and Andrea Bartuli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:65

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Short stature (SS) is a relatively early sign of poor health. Only in 5% of cases we can explain it through the presence of endocrinological pathologies. Therefore, if SS is present since the first months of l...

    Authors: Paolo Cavarzere, Valentina Bortolotti, Michela Capogna, Margherita Guarnieri, Francesca Lucca, Rossella Gaudino, Stefano Marzini, Claudia Banzato and Franco Antoniazzi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:64

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  3. Content type: Research

    Childhood rubella infection is a mild, self-limiting illness. Rubella infection among pregnant women however, is a major public health concern. Depending on gestation age, it may result in fetal death, stillbi...

    Authors: Nikolas A. S. Chotta, Melina Mgongo, Jacqueline G. Uriyo, Sia E. Msuya, Babill Stray-Pedersen and Arne Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:63

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  4. Content type: Research

    Recurrent reciprocal 1q21.1 deletions and duplications have been associated with variable phenotypes. Phenotypic features described in association with 1q21.1 microdeletions include developmental delay, cranio...

    Authors: Martina Busè, Helenia C. Cuttaia, Daniela Palazzo, Marcella V. Mazara, Salvatrice A. Lauricella, Michela Malacarne, Mauro Pierluigi, Simona Cavani and Maria Piccione

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:61

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  5. Content type: Commentary

    A recent article from Pavone et al. published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics entitled «Ataxia in children: early recognition and clinical evaluation» made an exhaustive overview of the large spectrum of ...

    Authors: H. Rahmoune, N. Boutrid, M. Amrane, M. C. Chekkour and B. Bioud

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:62

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  6. Content type: Research

    The aim of our study is to evaluate if in children with highly positive serology and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 (triple test, TT) and only extra-intestinal symptoms, it is possible to omit performing an intestinal biopsy for...

    Authors: Mauro Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Sara Pagani, Daniela Larizza, Valeria Calcaterra, Ombretta Luinetti, Giovanni Farello, Carmine Tinelli and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:59

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  7. Content type: Research

    This crossover, randomized, double-blind study (conducted over a 32-week period) was performed to determine, in clinically stable Cystic fibrosis (CF) preschool children: the effects of 7% inhaled hypertonic s...

    Authors: Raffaella Nenna, Fabio Midulla, Caterina Lambiase, Giovanna De Castro, Anna Maria Zicari, Luciana Indinnimeo, Giuseppe Cimino, Patrizia Troiani, Serena Quattrucci and Giancarlo Tancredi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:60

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  8. Content type: Research

    Due to the lack of real life clinical and educational studies, “Io e l’Asma” Centre performed this implementation research (IR).

    Authors: Sebastiano Guarnaccia, Gaia Pecorelli, Marina Bianchi, Massimo Cartabia, Gianluigi Casadei, Ada Pluda, Cristina Quecchia, Valeria Gretter and Maurizio Bonati

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:58

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  9. Content type: Case Report

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (OMIM n. 201710) is the most severe form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is characterized by severe adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis impairment due to a def...

    Authors: Carla Bizzarri, Elisa Pisaneschi, Mafalda Mucciolo, Stefania Pedicelli, Daniela Galeazzi, Antonio Novelli and Marco Cappa

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:57

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  10. Content type: Research

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis of unknown origin which can be considered an autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this study is to analyse the presence of two or more aut...

    Authors: Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci and Andrea Pession

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:56

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  11. Content type: Research

    There are limited data on the characterization of medication-related visits (MRVs) to the emergency department (ED) in pediatric patients in Italy. We have estimated the frequency, severity, and classification...

    Authors: Cristiano Rosafio, Serena Paioli, Cinzia Del Giovane, Valentina Cenciarelli, Nilla Viani, Paolo Bertolani and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:55

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  12. Content type: Research

    Acute cerebellitis (AC) and acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) are the principal causes of acute cerebellar dysfunction in childhood. Nevertheless. there is no accepted consensus regarding the best management of ch...

    Authors: Laura Lancella, Susanna Esposito, Maria Luisa Galli, Elena Bozzola, Valeria Labalestra, Elena Boccuzzi, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Laura Cursi, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Nadia Mirante, Danilo Buonsenso, Claudia Tagliabue, Luca Castellazzi, Carlotta Montagnani, Chiara Tersigni, Piero Valentini…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:54

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  13. Content type: Research

    Visceral obesity in children increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. To evaluate overweight children, in addition to Body Mass Index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) can be used to predict...

    Authors: Francesca Santomauro, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Pieralli, Giuditta Niccolai, Paola Picciolli, Stefania Vezzosi and Guglielmo Bonaccorsi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:53

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  14. Content type: Research

    In Cameroon, sustainable effort needs to be done to reduce the current neonatal mortality rate from 21 deaths per 1000 live births to the global target of fewer than ten deaths per 1000 live births by 2035. We...

    Authors: Paul Koki Ndombo, Quinta Mua Ekei, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Francky Teddy Endomba Angong, Ferdinand Ndom Ntock and Lawrence Mbuagbaw

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:52

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  15. Content type: Review

    Perampanel is among the latest AEDs approved, indicated for the treatment of partial-onset seizures with or without secondary generalization, and for primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures, in patients aged...

    Authors: Paola De Liso, Romina Moavero, Giangennaro Coppola, Paolo Curatolo, Raffaella Cusmai, Giovambattista De Sarro, Emilio Franzoni, Federico Vigevano and Alberto Verrotti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:51

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  16. Content type: Research

    Adolescence is a period of transition to adulthood. Little is known about oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in teenagers, in which the emergence of new habits, unfamiliar to children, could affect the type of lesions.

    Authors: Francesca Amadori, Elena Bardellini, Giulio Conti and Alessandra Majorana

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:50

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  17. Content type: Research

    Varicella pneumonia has been studied extensively in adults; it may also affect children and may require hospitalization.

    Authors: Elena Bozzola, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Mauro Bozzola, Nadia Mirante, Marco Masci, Chiara Rossetti, Andrzej Krzystofiak, Luciana Nicolosi, Renato Cutrera, Laura Lancella, Alberto Eugenio Tozzi and Alberto Villani

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:49

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  18. Content type: Research

    Cancer is the second cause of death in children and its diagnosis can be difficult, due to the presence of vague and non-specific symptoms. The primary care pediatrician is often involved in the diagnostic pro...

    Authors: Marta Minute, Giorgio Cozzi, Chiara Plotti, Giuseppe Montanari, Paolo Pecile, Giulio Andrea Zanazzo, Alessandro Ventura and Egidio Barbi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:48

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  19. Content type: Research

    Recently, the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities (CA) increased as the increasing proportion of mothers with advanced age. We aimed to explore the prevalence of CA in relation to maternal age and perinata...

    Authors: Xiao-Hui Zhang, Li-Qian Qiu, Ying-Hui Ye and Jian Xu

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:47

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  20. Content type: Review

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides are rare systemic diseases that usually occur in adulthood. They comprise granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, Wegener’s), microscopic poly...

    Authors: Marta Calatroni, Elena Oliva, Davide Gianfreda, Gina Gregorini, Marco Allinovi, Giuseppe A. Ramirez, Enrica P. Bozzolo, Sara Monti, Claudia Bracaglia, Giulia Marucci, Monica Bodria, Renato A. Sinico, Federico Pieruzzi, Gabriella Moroni, Serena Pastore, Giacomo Emmi…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:46

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  21. Content type: Research

    It is not yet clear if blood pressure and renal function changes evolve differently in children with a congenital or acquired solitary functioning kidney. This study aims to assess if there are any differences...

    Authors: Riccardo Lubrano, Isotta Gentile, Raffaele Falsaperla, Giovanna Vitaliti, Alessia Marcellino and Marco Elli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:43

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  22. Content type: Review

    This consensus document is aimed at providing an updated, multidisciplinary overview on the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric nephrotic syndrome (NS) at first presentation. It is the first consensus documen...

    Authors: Andrea Pasini, Elisa Benetti, Giovanni Conti, Luciana Ghio, Marta Lepore, Laura Massella, Daniela Molino, Licia Peruzzi, Francesco Emma, Carmelo Fede, Antonella Trivelli, Silvio Maringhini, Marco Materassi, Giovanni Messina, Giovanni Montini, Luisa Murer…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:41

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  23. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The basophil activation test (BAT), has been proposed as a possible assay for the diagnosis of immediate-type allergy to beta-lactams (BLs).

    Authors: Simona Barni, Francesca Mori, Claudia Valleriani, Giusi Mangone, Sergio Testi, Francesca Saretta, Lucrezia Sarti, Neri Pucci, Maurizio de Martino, Chiara Azzari and Elio Novembre

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:42

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  24. Content type: Review

    Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the second cause of intellectual disability after Down syndrome and the most prevalent cause of intellectual disability in males, affecting 1:5000–7000 men and 1:4000–6000 women. It...

    Authors: Claudia Ciaccio, Laura Fontana, Donatella Milani, Silvia Tabano, Monica Miozzo and Susanna Esposito

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:39

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  25. Content type: Research

    Despite not being licensed for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IH) in infants younger than 5 weeks or older than 5 months, propranolol is often used in these age groups to prevent or to treat potential...

    Authors: Maya El Hachem, Francesco Gesualdo, Andrea Diociaiuti, Irene Berti, Nadia Vercellino, Valeria Boccaletti, Iria Neri, Giulio Porcedda, Antonella Greco, Claudia Carnevale, Teresa Oranges, Mario Cutrone and Pietro Dalmonte

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:40

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  26. Content type: Research

    Family-Centred Care (FCC) is recognized as an important component of all paediatric care, including neonatal care, although practical clinical guidelines to support this care model are still needed in Italy. T...

    Authors: Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maria Svelto, Maurizio Giordano, Desiree Sordino and Marina Riccitelli

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:36

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  27. Content type: Research

    Drug use in preterm neonates admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) has been investigated, so far, in terms of unauthorized or off-label use; very little is known on the use of combinations of differe...

    Authors: A. Girardi, S. Galletti, E. Raschi, A. Koci, E. Poluzzi, G. Faldella and F. De Ponti

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:37

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  28. Content type: Research

    We studied late preterm and term infants who were admitted to our neonatal care unit in a tertiary hospital for unexpected episodes of cyanosis that occurred during rooming-in for evaluation of their frequency...

    Authors: Carlo Dani, Livia Drovandi, Giovanna Bertini, Chiara Poggi and Simone Pratesi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:35

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  29. Content type: Research

    Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) and cystic fibrosis (CF) are increasingly compared. There are no chest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) comparative studies of PCD and CF. We assessed clinical, functional, mic...

    Authors: Marco Maglione, Silvia Montella, Carmine Mollica, Vincenzo Carnovale, Paola Iacotucci, Fabiola De Gregorio, Antonella Tosco, Mariarosaria Cervasio, Valeria Raia and Francesca Santamaria

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:34

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Behcet’s disease (BD) is a chronic immune-mediated, inflammatory disorder which may affect a number of different systems (oral and genital mucosa, eyes, skin, vascular district, joints, gastrointestinal tract ...

    Authors: Romina Gallizzi, Dominique De Vivo, Simona Valenti, Caterina Pidone, Carmelo Romeo, Rosario Caruso and Claudio Romano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:33

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) is a rare primary bone tumor, which can metastasize and undergo malignant transformation. The standard treatment of GCT is surgery. In patients with unresectable or metastatic di...

    Authors: Samvel Bardakhchyan, Leo Kager, Samvel Danielyan, Armen Avagyan, Nerses Karamyan, Hovhannes Vardevanyan, Sergey Mkhitaryan, Ruzanna Papyan, Davit Zohrabyan, Liana Safaryan, Lilit Sargsyan, Lilit Harutyunyan, Lusine Hakobyan, Samvel Iskanyan and Gevorg Tamamyan

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:32

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  32. Content type: Review

    Respiratory diseases account for about 25% of all pediatric consultations, and 10% of these are for asthma. The other main pediatric respiratory diseases, in terms of incidence, are bronchiolitis, acute bronch...

    Authors: Renato Cutrera, Eugenio Baraldi, Luciana Indinnimeo, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Giorgio Piacentini, Francesco Scaglione, Nicola Ullmann, Laura Moschino, Francesca Galdo and Marzia Duse

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:31

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  33. Content type: Research

    We aimed to examine current bedside analgesia/sedation (A/S) and pain assessment (PA) practices in Italian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in relation to the findings of an epidemiological European study...

    Authors: Paola Lago, Anna Chiara Frigo, Eugenio Baraldi, Roberta Pozzato, Emilie Courtois, Jérôme Rambaud, Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand and Ricardo Carbajal

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:26

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  34. Content type: Research

    Several studies indicates that children’s aerobic capacity levels are predictors of the future risk of non-communicable diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the proportion of subjects wh...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, Carlos Andrés Piñeros-Álvarez, Lorena Isabel Giraldo, Mikel Izquierdo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez and Carlos Cristi-Montero

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:28

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  35. Content type: Research

    About 30% of constipated children continue to struggle with constipation beyond puberty. Growing interest has recently raised on the use of probiotics as complementary therapy for FC, in order to prevent the p...

    Authors: Marina Russo, Francesca Paola Giugliano, Paolo Quitadamo, Valeria Mancusi, Erasmo Miele and Annamaria Staiano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:24

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  36. Content type: Research

    Allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic asthma are caused by an IgE-mediated inflammatory reaction. Probiotics may exert anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory activity. Thus, this study aimed at investigating wh...

    Authors: Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cristiana Indolfi, Michele Capasso, Nunzia Maiello, Fabio Decimo and Giorgio Ciprandi

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:25

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  37. Content type: Research

    Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Human rhinovirus (HRV) is confirmed to be associated with pediatric lower respiratory tract infection. Seasonal...

    Authors: Yongdong Yan, Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Yuqing Wang, Wei Ji, Canhong Zhu and Zhengrong Chen

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:23

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  38. Content type: Research

    Families of children affected with atopic dermatitis (AD) often report fear and anxiety regarding treatment with topical corticosteroids (TCS), which may lead to reduced compliance. The objective of our study ...

    Authors: Maya El Hachem, Francesco Gesualdo, Giampaolo Ricci, Andrea Diociaiuti, Loredana Giraldi, Orsola Ametrano, Corrado Occella, Anna Belloni Fortina, Mirella Milioto, Fabio Arcangeli, Oriana Simonetti, Simona Giancristoforo, Elisabetta Calamelli, Carlo Mazzatenta and Iria Neri

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:22

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  39. Content type: Meeting abstracts

    Authors: Marco Braghero, Annamaria Staiano, Eleonora Biasin, Patrizia Matarazzo, Silvia Einaudi, Rosaria Manicone, Francesco Felicetti, Enrico Brignardello, Franca Fagioli, Elisabetta Bignamini, Elena Nave, F. Callea, C. Concato, E. Fiscarelli, S. Garrone, M.Rossi de Gasperis…

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43(Suppl 1):21

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  40. Content type: Research

    Body Mass Index Italian reference data are available for clinical and/or epidemiological use, but no study compared the ability of this system to classify overweight and obesity and detect subjects with cluste...

    Authors: Giuliana Valerio, Antonio Balsamo, Marco Giorgio Baroni, Claudia Brufani, Claudia Forziato, Graziano Grugni, Maria Rosaria Licenziati, Claudio Maffeis, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Anita Morandi, Lucia Pacifico, Alessandro Sartorio and Melania Manco

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:19

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  41. Content type: Research

    Care coordination is widely recognized as a key element of care for patients with chronic and complex medical conditions and their families. In care for children with special health care needs the Family Pedia...

    Authors: Elisa Zanello, Simona Calugi, Lee M. Sanders, Jacopo Lenzi, Giacomo Faldella, Paola Rucci and Maria Pia Fantini

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:18

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  42. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Guidelines on immunoprophylaxis for prevention of RSV infection recommend it in preterm babies born before 29 wGA; in babies affected by bronchopulmonary dysplasia or congenital heart defects; and in post-hear...

    Authors: Gianvincenzo Zuccotti and Valentina Fabiano

    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2017 43:17

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