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  1. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a novel condition temporally associated with SARS-CoV2 infection. Cardiovascular involvement is mainly evident as acute myocardial dysfunction in MIS-C....

    Authors: Savina Mannarino, Irene Raso, Massimo Garbin, Elena Ghidoni, Carla Corti, Sara Goletto, Luisa Nespoli, Sara Santacesaria, Elena Zoia, Anna Camporesi, Francesca Izzo, Dario Dilillo, Laura Fiori, Enza D’Auria, Annalisa De Silvestri, Alberto Dolci…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:25
  2. Since the first months of 2020, Italy and the world have been facing the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to the dangerous and potentially deadly effects on physical health, it has caused a radical change in the...

    Authors: Michela Gatta, Alessia Raffagnato, Federica Mason, Rachele Fasolato, Annalisa Traverso, Silvia Zanato and Marina Miscioscia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:23
  3. The adverse effects of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are not limited to the related infectious disease. In children and adolescents, serious risks due to the coronavirus disease ...

    Authors: S. Scapaticci, C. R. Neri, G. L. Marseglia, A. Staiano, F. Chiarelli and E. Verduci
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:22
  4. To evaluate the role and the advantages of nasopharyngeal swabs in the detection of Influenza A and B viruses and Respiratory syncytial virus through a rapid test based upon a nucleic acid amplification reacti...

    Authors: Simona Nardi, Lorella Carolis, Roberta Iannini, Maria Vittoria De Sandro, Giovanna Solito, Matteo Calafatti and Camilla Gizzi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:21
  5. over the last few decades there has been a progressive decline in the average age of onset of pubertal development stages in both sexes. The increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity seems to play an imp...

    Authors: Vittorio Ferrari, Simona Stefanucci, Marta Ferrari, Daniele Ciofi and Stefano Stagi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:20
  6. Contiguous gene deletion syndrome at Xp22.3 resulting in nullisomy in males or Turner syndrome patients typically encompasses the steroid sulfatase gene (STS) and contiguously located other genes expanding the ph...

    Authors: Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Mario Giuffrè, Marcello Cimador, Maria Michela D’Alessandro, Gregorio Serra, Federico Favata, Vincenzo Antona, Ettore Piro and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:19
  7. The incidence of acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in children is difficult to estimate because they are typically treated in outpatient settings and the majority of epidemiological data originate fro...

    Authors: Chiara Mameli, Marina Picca, Roberto Buzzetti, Maria Elisabetta Pace, Raffaele Badolato, Claudio Cravidi, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti and Paola Marchisio
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:18
  8. Human Immune Deficiency Virus infection among children has continued to be a global concern with an estimated 160,000 new infections in 2018. Over 90% acquire HIV from their mother. Currently, 92% of pregnant ...

    Authors: Asrat Alemu, Wondwosen Molla, Kindu Yinges and Muhabaw Shumye Mihret
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:17

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:34

  9. This population-based cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in children in a rural area in China as epidemiological data on these conditions from such areas are ...

    Authors: Hui Yao, Qianqian Song, Qiongyue Zhang, Guoyao Tang and Mingshan Liu
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:15
  10. The biochemical hallmarks of transient pseudo-hypoaldosteronism associated with a pyelonephritis include hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and acidosis. We tested if the kidney-urinary tract ultrasound helps in pred...

    Authors: Noemi Graziano, Carlo Agostoni, Francesca Chiaraviglio, Céline Betti, Arianna Piffer, Mario G. Bianchetti and Gregorio P. Milani
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:14
  11. Parents after Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) hospitalization of preterm infant may develop psychopathological symptoms.

    Authors: Serena Salomè, Giuseppina Mansi, Carmine V. Lambiase, Marta Barone, Valeria Piro, Marcella Pesce, Giovanni Sarnelli, Francesco Raimondi and Letizia Capasso
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:13
  12. Burn is one of the leading causes of preventable death and disability every year in low and middle-income countries, which mainly affects those aged less than 15 years. Death from burn injuries carries the mos...

    Authors: Chalie Marew Tiruneh, Amare Belachew, Sileshi Mulatu, Tigabu Desie Emiru, Nigusie Selomon Tibebu, Moges Wubneh Abate, Adane Birhanu Nigat, Amsalu Belete and Belete Gelaw Walle
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:12
  13. In the last year, many countries adopted a plan to contain hospital infections by Sars-Cov-2 also limiting pulmonary function tests (PFTs), exclusively to indispensable cases. All the recommendations of the ma...

    Authors: Angela Klain, Cristiana Indolfi, Giulio Dinardo, Fabio Decimo and Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:11
  14. Italy was the first European country to experience a massive outbreak of Sars-coV-2 in March 2020. Severe measures were introduced to face the pandemic, significantly impacting all healthcare services, includi...

    Authors: Veronica Grigoletto, Bianca Nardin, Valentina Taucar, Egidio Barbi and Lucia De Zen
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:10
  15. The dramatic increase in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents has become a major public health problem. Obesity in children and young adults is associated with an increased prevalence of cardi...

    Authors: Antonio Nicolucci and Claudio Maffeis
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:9
  16. Under-nutrition is a global problem and one of the most serious public health issues. Globally, 156 million under-five children were stunted, and 50 million were wasted in 2016. Malnutrition among preschool-ag...

    Authors: Kebebe Bidira, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:8
  17. The fast diffusion of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have called for an equally rapid evolution of the therapeutic options.

    Authors: Marcello Lanari, Elisabetta Venturini, Luca Pierantoni, Giacomo Stera, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Susanna Maria Roberta Esposito, Silvia Favilli, Emilio Franzoni, Eleonora Fusco, Paolo Lionetti, Claudio Maffeis, Gianluigi Marseglia, Laura Massella, Fabio Midulla, Alberto Zanobini, Marco Zecca…
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:7
  18. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease in preterm infants with significant morbidities, including neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI). This study aimed to investigate whether NEC is associate...

    Authors: Jong Ho Cha, Jung-Sun Lim, Yong Hun Jang, Jae Kyoon Hwang, Jae Yoon Na, Jong-Min Lee, Hyun Ju Lee and Ja-Hye Ahn
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:6
  19. Non-painful diagnostic procedures require an inactive state for a prolonged time, so that sedation is often needed in younger children to perform the procedures. Our standard of care in this setting consists o...

    Authors: Francesca Cossovel, Andrea Trombetta, Augusto Ramondo, Guglielmo Riccio, Luca Ronfani, Alessia Saccari, Giorgio Cozzi and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:5
  20. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is an infrequent condition of childhood, and is extremely rare in infants, with only 26 cases described. The etiology is still unknown. Typical clinical manifestations chan...

    Authors: Francesco Del Monte, Laura Bucchino, Antonia Versace, Irene Tardivo, Emanuele Castagno, Giovanni Pieri, Giulia Pilloni, Enrico Felici and Antonio Francesco Urbino
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:3
  21. The aim of the study is to determine that Glycopirrolate is safe and effective in decreasing drooling in children with medical complexity under 3 years of age. Medical treatment is based on anticholinergic dru...

    Authors: Eleonora Lovardi, Maria Antonietta De Ioris, Donatella Lettori, Caterina Geremia, Susanna Staccioli, Gessica Della Bella, Raffaella Scrocca, Alessia Scarselli, Marcella Aversa, Francesco De Peppo, Andrea Campana and Enrico Castelli
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:2
  22. The role of allergic sensitization seems to be protective against SARS CoV2 infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate, using online surveys, the impact of COVID-19 on Italian allergic children, comparin...

    Authors: Giulia Brindisi, Anna Maria Zicari, Giuseppe Fabio Parisi, Lucia Diaferio, Cristiana Indolfi, Giuseppe Marchese, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Angela Klain, Gian Luigi Marseglia and Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:1
  23. Pediatrics and society are closely related. This link is as old as the history of Pediatrics, and dates to the second half of the eighteenth century. The vocation of the first European pediatric schools, indee...

    Authors: Gregorio Serra, Mario Giuffrè, Ettore Piro and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:239
  24. Ophthalmia neonatorum (ON) refers to any conjunctivitis occurring in the first 28 days of life. In the past Neisseria gonorrhoeae was the most common cause of ON. It decreased with the introduction of prophylaxis...

    Authors: Cinzia Auriti, Vito Mondì, Salvatore Aversa, Daniele Merazzi, Simona Lozzi, Sergio Petroni, Antonio Baldascino, Luca Massenzi, Roberto Bellù, Stefano Martinelli and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:238
  25. A retrospective study was conducted in order to investigate and describe the characteristics of Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV), previously known as Henoch-Schӧnlein purpura, in the paediatric population of...

    Authors: Luciana Breda, Ilaria Carbone, Isabella Casciato, Cristina Gentile, Eleonora Agata Grasso, Giulia di Donato, Francesco Chiarelli and Alberto Verrotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:237

    The Correction to this article has been published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2022 48:78

  26. Although kidney transplantation (KTX) is the treatment of choice for pediatric end stage kidney disease (ESKD); concerns for recurrence in cases of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) are still present. ...

    Authors: Fatina I. Fadel, Hafez M. Bazaraa, Mohamed A. Abdel Mawla and Doaa M. Salah
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:236
  27. Clinical presentation of pediatric celiac disease (CD) is heterogeneous and ever-evolving. Our aim is to highlight its changes throughout the years.

    Authors: Melissa Pedretti, Francesca Sbravati, Davide Allegri, Flavio Labriola, Virginia Lombardo, Enzo Spisni, Chiara Zarbo and Patrizia Alvisi
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:235
  28. Congenital brain tumors are extremely rare in the neonatal population, and often associated with a poor prognosis. The diagnostic suspicion is often aroused at antenatal scans or postnatally, if clinical signs...

    Authors: Silvia Martini, Vittoria Paoletti, Monica Maffei, Mino Zucchelli, Chiara Locatelli, Maximilian Fischer, Viscardo Paolo Fabbri, Maria Pia Foschini, Giovanni Tallini and Luigi Corvaglia
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:234
  29. Different foods and food groups are good sources for various macro- and micronutrients. Diversified diet play an important role in both physical and mental growth and development of children. However, meeting ...

    Authors: Wondwosen Molla, Dirshaye Argaw Adem, Ruth Tilahun, Seid Shumye, Robel Hussen Kabthymer, Daniel Kebede, Nebiyu Mengistu, Getnet Melaku Ayele and Dawit Getachew Assefa
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:233
  30. In this article, we describe the advances in the field of pediatrics that have been published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics in 2020. We report progresses in understanding allergy, autoinflammatory disor...

    Authors: Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Michela Procaccianti, Ettore Piro, Valeria delle Cave, Melissa Borrelli, Angelica Santoro, Federica Grassi, Sergio Bernasconi and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:232
  31. Studies on the application of developmental care initiatives in Italian NICUs are rather scarce. We aimed to assess parental access to the NICUs and facilities offered to the family members and to test “the st...

    Authors: Claudia Artese, Fabrizio Ferrari, Silvia Perugi, Paola Cavicchioli, Giuseppe Paterlini and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:231
  32. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic clinical-pathologic disease characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal epithelium with esophageal dysfunction symptoms.

    Authors: Simona Barni, Stefania Arasi, Carla Mastrorilli, Luca Pecoraro, Mattia Giovannini, Francesca Mori, Lucia Liotti, Francesca Saretta, Riccardo Castagnoli, Lucia Caminiti, Antonella Cianferoni and Elio Novembre
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:230
  33. Medical cannabis may be a useful tool for managing treatment-resistant epilepsy and chronic pain, which affect many patients in pediatric palliative care (PPC); however, little evidence is available in this se...

    Authors: Antuan Divisic, Irene Avagnina, Valentina De Tommasi, Anna Santini, Laura Brogelli, Luca Giacomelli and Franca Benini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:229
  34. Neuromuscular diseases include a large group of heterogeneous and rare pathologies that affect different components of the motor unit. It is essential to optimize resources to know the prevalence of comorbidit...

    Authors: J. A. Gascón-Navarro, M. J. De La Torre-Aguilar, J. A. Fernández-Ramos, J. Torres-Borrego and J. L. Pérez-Navero
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:228
  35. Citomegalovirus (CMV) infects approximately 1% of live newborns. About 10% of the infants affected by congenital CMV infection are symptomatic at birth and up to 60% of these infants will develop permanent neu...

    Authors: Andrea Bianchi, Caterina Coviello, Valentina Leonardi, Michele Luzzati, Stefano Chiti, Daniele Ermini, Vittorio Miele, Enrico Fainardi, Carlo Dani and Elisa Scola
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:227
  36. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a typical disorder of preterm newborns, with a high mortality and morbidity rate. The therapeutic and nutritional management of disease depends on several factors. Its progno...

    Authors: Giovanni Savarino, Maurizio Carta, Marcello Cimador, Antonio Corsello, Mario Giuffrè, Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Gregorio Serra and Giovanni Corsello
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:226
  37. In Italy only recently, for the 2020–21 season, has the flu vaccination been extended to all children.

    Authors: Chiara Gasparini, Miriam Acunzo, Andrea Biuso, Stefania Roncaglia, Francesca Migliavacca, Catia R. Borriello, Caterina Bertolini, Michaela R. Allen, Annalisa Orenti, Patrizia Boracchi and Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:225
  38. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder that is frequently diagnosed in children and adolescents. In pediatric OCD, family plays an important role in the development and maintenance ...

    Authors: Francesco Demaria, Maria Pontillo, Maria Cristina Tata, Prisca Gargiullo, Francesco Mancini and Stefano Vicari
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:224
  39. Describe the efficacy of a galenic glycopyrrolate formulation and its impact on patients with sialorrhea Quality of Life (QoL), including costs analysis.

    Authors: Davide Zanon, Cristina Tumminelli, Anna Maria Chiara Galimberti, Lucio Torelli, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi and Natalia Maximova
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:222
  40. With the gradual resumption of sports activities after the lock-down period for coronavirus pandemic, a new problem is emerging: Allow all athletes to be able to return to compete after SARS-CoV-2 infection in...

    Authors: Giulia Cafiero, Flaminia Passi, Francesca Ippolita Calo’ Carducci, Federica Gentili, Ugo Giordano, Chiara Perri, Melania Hashem Said and Attililo Turchetta
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:221
  41. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affects all components of the respiratory system, including the neuromuscular breathing apparatus, conducting and respiratory airways, pulmonary vascular endothelium, and pu...

    Authors: Maria Di Cicco, Maria Giulia Tozzi, Vincenzo Ragazzo, Diego Peroni and Ahmad Kantar
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:220
  42. Most preterm infants require a continuous glucose infusion in the early postnatal period due to the interruption of the transplacental glucose supply after birth to promote better neurodevelopmental outcomes.

    Authors: Dina Angelika, Risa Etika, Martono Tri Utomo, Setya Mirha, Kartika Darma Handayani and I. Dewa Gede Ugrasena
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:219
  43. COVID-19 pandemic has stretched healthcare system capacities worldwide and deterred people from seeking medical support at Emergency Departments (ED). Nevertheless, population-based studies examining the conse...

    Authors: Claudio Barbiellini Amidei, Alessandra Buja, Andrea Bardin, Filippo Bonaldi, Matteo Paganini, Mariagiovanna Manfredi, Andrea Favaro, Vincenzo Baldo, Mario Saia and Liviana Da Dalt
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:218
  44. We investigated the volume and the characteristics of pediatric eye emergency department (PEED) consultations performed at our tertiary eye center during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic and we compar...

    Authors: Elia Franzolin, Rosa Longo, Elena Gusson, Benjamim Ficial and Giorgio Marchini
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:217
  45. Authors: Melissa Borrelli, Iris Scala, Paola Festa, Dario Bruzzese, Ambrosina Michelotti, Elena Cantone, Adele Corcione, Martina Fragnito, Vincenzo Miranda and Francesca Santamaria
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:216

    The original article was published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:170

  46. The health and growth of children less than two years of age can be affected by the poor quality of complementary foods and poor feeding practices even with optimal breastfeeding. In Ethiopia, empirical eviden...

    Authors: Haimanot Abebe, Molla Gashu, Aynalem Kebede, Habtemariam Abata, Alex Yeshaneh, Haile Workye and Daniel Adane
    Citation: Italian Journal of Pediatrics 2021 47:215

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